Art and Culture/British Monarchs

From Quiz Revision Notes
Name Nickname(s) House Born: Year Born: Where Father Mother Succeeded: Year Coronation: Year Coronation: Where Spouse/Spouses Married: Year Married: Where Mistress(es) Children: Names Legitimate Children: Total Number Illegitimate Children Illegitimate Children: Number Died: Year Died: Age Died: Where Died: How Buried: Where Length of Reign Notes
Egbert Saxon 780 802 802 Redburga Ethelwulf/Athelsan/Alfred 3 839 59 37
Ethelwulf Saxon 800 Egbert 839 839 Ethelbald/Ethelbert/Ethelred/Alfred 5 858 58 19
Ethelbald Saxon 834 Ethelwulf 858 858 Judith (stepmother) 860 26 Sherborne Abbey, Dorset 2
Ethelbert Saxon 836 Ethelwulf 858 858 865 29 Sherborne Abbey, Dorset 7
Ethelred I Saxon 840 Ethelwulf 865 865 871 31 Killed at Battle of Merton Wimborne Minster, Dorset 6 St Ethelred
Alfred The Great Saxon 849 Ethelwulf 871 871 Ealhswith 867 Edward/ 899 50 Old Minster, Winchester 28
Edward I The Elder Saxon 870 Alfred Ealhswith 899 899 Egwina/Elfleda/Edgifu Egwina Athelstan/Edmund/Eadred 14 924 54 Farndon-on-Dee, Cheshire 25
Athelstan Saxon 895 Edward the Elder Egwina 924 924 Kingston-upon-Thames 939 45 Malmesbury Abbey 15
Edmund I The Deed-Doer/The Magnificant Saxon 921 Edward the Elder Edgifu 939 939 Elfgifu/Ethelfled Edwy/Edgar 2 946 25 Pucklechurch, Gloucs Stabbed by Leofa Glastonbury Abbey 7
Eadred Saxon 923 Edward the Elder Edgifu 946 946 955 32 Frome, Somerset Old Minster, Winchester 9
Edwy The Fair Saxon 940 Edmund I Elgifu 955 955 Kingston-upon-Thames Elfgifu 956 959 19 3
Edgar The Peaceful Saxon 944 Edmund I Elgifu 959 959 Bath Ethelfled/Elfrida Wilfthryth Edward/Edmund/Ethelred 4 975 32 Glastonbury Abbey 17
Edward II The Martyr Saxon 963 Edgar Ethelfled 975 975 978 15 Corfe Castle, Dorset Murdered Wareham/Shaftesbury Abbey, Dorset 3 St Edward
Ethelred II The Unready Saxon 968 Edgar Elfrida 978 978 Kingston-upon-Thames Elfled/Emma 1002(Emma) Edmund/Edward 9 1016 48 London Old St Pauls 37
Edmund II Ironside Saxon 993 Ethelred II Elfled 1016 1016 Eadgyth Edward/Edmund 2 1016 27 London Glastonbury Abbey Apr-Nov
Canute The Wealthy Dane 992 Sweyn Forkbeard Gunhild of Poland 1016 1016 Emma 1017 Elfgifu Sweyn/Harold Harefoot/Hardecanute 4 1035 40 Shaftesbury Old Minster, Winchester 18
Harold I Harefoot Dane 1016 Canute Elfgifu 1035 1035 1040 24 Oxford Old Westminster Abbey 5
Hardicanute Dane 1018 Canute Emma 1040 1040 1042 24 Lambeth Old Minster, Winchester 2
Edward II The Confessor Saxon 1003 Islip, Oxfordshire Ethelred II Emma 1042 1042 Winchester Edith 1043 1066 62 Westminster Westminster Abbey 24
Harold II Saxon 1020 Godwin Gytha 1066 1066 Westminster Abbey Aldgyth 1063 Edith Swan Neck Harold 7 1066 46 Senlac Killed at Battle of Hastings Waltham Holy Cross Abbey Jan-Oct
William I The Bastard/The Conqueror Norman 1027 Falaise Robert of Normandy Arlette of Conteville 1066 1066 Westminster Abbey Matilda 1052 Eu Cathedral Robert/William/Henry/Adela 9 1087 60 Priory of St Gervais, Rouen St Stephen's Abbey, Caen 21 Only 1 thighbone left in his tomb
William II Rufus Norman 1056 Normandy William I Matilda of Flanders 1087 1087 Westminster Abbey 0 1100 43 Lyndhurst, New Forest Shot by Walter Tyrel Winchester Cathedral 13
Henry I Beauclerk/Lion of Justice Norman 1068 Selby, Yorkshire William I Matilda of Flanders 1100 1100 Westminster Abbey Matilda of Scotland/Adela of Louvain 1100/1121 Westminster Abbey William/Matilda 3 1135 67 Lyons-la-Foret, Rouen Sufeit of lampreys Reading Abbey 35
Stephen Norman 1097 Blois Stephen of Blois Adela of Normandy 1135 1135 Westminster Abbey Matilda of Boulogne 1125 Eustace 5 1154 50 St Martin's Priory, Dover Appendicitis Faversham Abbey 19
Henry II Curtmantel/Fitzempress Plantagenet 1133 Le Mans Geoffrey of Anjou Matilda 1154 1154 Westminster Abbey Eleanor of Aquitaine 1552 Bordeaux Cathedral William/Henry/Richard/Geoffrey/John 11 1189 56 Chinon Castle, Tours Fever Fontevrault Abbey 35
Richard I Coeur de Lion Plantagenet 1157 Beaumont Palace, Oxford Henry II Eleanor of Aquitaine 1189 1189 Westminster Abbey Berengaria of Navarre 1191 Limassol, Cyprus 0 1199 42 Chalus, Limousin Fontevrault Abbey 10 Heart in Rouen
John Lackland/Softsword Plantagenet 1167 Beaumont Palace, Oxford Henry II Eleanor of Aquitaine 1199 1199 Westminster Abbey Isabella of Gloucester/Isabella of Angouleme 1189/1200 Marlborough/Angouleme Henry/Richard/Isabella/Eleanor 5 1216 50 Newark Castle Dysentry Worcester Cathedral 17 Peaches and young cider
Henry III Plantagenet 1207 Winchester John Isabella of Angouleme 1216 1216/1220 Gloucester Cathedral/Westminster Abbey Eleanor of Provence 1236 Canterbury Edward/Margaret/Edmund 9 1272 65 Westminster Palace Westminster Abbey 56
Edward I Longshanks/Hammer of the Scots/English Justinian/Lawgiver Plantagenet 1239 Westminster Palace Henry III Eleanor of Provence 1272 1274 Westminster Abbey Eleanor of Castille/Margaret of France 1254/1299 Las Huelgas/Canterbury Joan/Margaret/Elizabeth/Edward/Thomas/Edmund 16 1307 68 Burgh-by-Sands Westminster Abbey 35
Edward II Edward of Caernavon Plantagenet 1284 Caernavon Castle Edward I Eleanor of Castille 1307 1308 Westminster Abbey Isabella of France 1308 Boulogne Piers Gaveston/Hugh Despenser Edward 4 1327 43 Berkeley Castle Red hot poker up the arse Gloucester Cathedral 20
Edward III Edward of Windsor/King of the Sea Plantagenet 1312 Windsor Castle Edward II Isabella of France 1327 1327 Westminster Abbey Philippa of Hainault 1328 York Edward/Lionel/John/Thomas/Edmund 12 1377 65 Sheen Palace Westminster Abbey 50
Richard II Richard of Bordeaux Plantagenet 1367 Bordeaux Edward the Black Prince Joan of Kent 1367 1377 Westminster Abbey Anne of Bohemia/Isabella of France 1382/1396 Westminster Abbey/Westminster Abbey 0 1399 34 Pontefract Castle Starvation Kings Langley/Westminster Abbey 22
Henry IV Henry of Bolingbroke Lancaster 1366 Bolingbroke Castle Lincs John of Gaunt Blanche of Lancaster 1399 1399 Westminster Abbey Mary de Bohun/Joan of Navarre 1380/1403 Rochford Essex/Winchester Henry 7 1413 47 Jerusalem Chamber, Westminster Palace Canterbury Cathedral 13
Henry V Henry of Monmouth Lancaster 1387 Monmouth Castle Henry IV Mary de Bohun 1413 1413 Westminster Abbey Catherine de Valois 1420 Troyes Henry 1 1422 34 Vincennes Castle Dysentry Westminster Abbey, Confessor Chapel 9
Henry VI Lancaster 1421 Windsor Castle Henry V Catherine de Valois 1422 1429/1431/1470 Westminster Abbey/St Denis/St Pauls Margaret of Anjou 1445 Tichfield Abbey Edward 1 1471 49 Tower of London Murdered Chertsey Abbey/St Georges Chapel Windsor 39
Edward IV York 1442 Rouen Richard of York Cicely Neville 1461 1461 Westminster Abbey Elizabeth Woodville 1464 Grafton Edward/Richard 10 1483 41 Westminster Palace 22
Edward V York 1470 Abbots House, Westminster Edward IV Elizabeth Woodville 1483 1483 0 1483 13 Tower of London Murdered? Tower of London? Apr-Jun Deposed by his uncle Richard of York
Richard III Crookback/Old Dick York 1452 Fotheringhay Castle Richard of York Cicely Neville 1483 1483 Westminster Abbey Anne Neville 1472 Westminster Abbey Edward 1 1485 32 Bosworth Field Killed in battle Abbey of Grey Friars, Leicester 2 Body was later dug up and thrown into river - only crowned king with no identifiable burial place
Henry VII Tudor 1457 Pembroke Castle Edmund Tudor Margaret Beaufort 1485 1485 Westminster Abbey Elizabeth of York 1486 Westminster Abbey Arthur/Henry/Margaret/Mary 8 1509 53 Richmond Palace Westminster Abbey, Henry VII Chapel 24
Henry VIII Bluff King Hal/Father of the English Navy Tudor 1491 Greenwich Palace Henry VII Elizabeth of York 1509 1509 Westminster Abbey Catherine of Aragon/Anne Boleyn/Jane Seymour/Anne of Cleves/Catherine Howard/Catherine Parr 1509/1533/1536/1540/1540/1543 Chapel of the Observant Friars/Whitehall Palace/Whitehall Palace/Greenwich Palace/Oatlands/Hampton Court Mary Boleyn/Elizabeth Blount Mary/Elizabeth/Edward 3 Henry Fitzroy 1547 56 St James's Palace Windsor Castle, St George's Chapel 38
Edward VI Tudor 1537 Hampton Court Henry VIII Jane Seymour 1547 1547 Westminster Abbey 0 1553 16 Greenwich Palace Tuberculosis Westminster Abbey, Henry VII Chapel 6
Jane The Nine Days Queen Grey 1537 Bradgate Park, Leics Henry Grey Frances Brandon 1553 Lord Guildford Dudley 1553 Durham House 0 1554 17 Tower of London Executed Tower of London 9 Days
Mary I Bloody Mary Tudor 1516 Greenwich Palace Henry VIII Catherine of Aragon 1553 1553 Westminster Abbey Philip II of Spain 1554 Winchester Cathedral 0 1558 43 St James's Palace Influenza Westminster Abbey, Henry VII Chapel 5
Elizabeth I Virgin Queen/Gloriana/Good Queen Bess Tudor 1533 Greenwich Palace Henry VIII Anne Boleyn 1558 1558 Westminster Abbey 0 1603 69 Richmond Palace Blood poisoning from tonsillar abscess Westminster Abbey, Henry VII Chapel 44
James I British Solomon/Wisest Fool in Christendom Stuart 1566 Edinburgh Castle Lord Darnley Mary Queen of Scots 1603 1603 Westminster Abbey Anne of Denmark 1590 Oslo Henry/Charles/Elizabeth 7 1625 59 Theobalds Park Kidney failure Westminster Abbey, Henry VII Chapel 22
Charles I Stuart 1600 Dunfermline Castle James I Anne of Denmark 1625 1626 Westminster Abbey Henrietta Maria 1625 Canterbury Cathedral Charles/Henrietta/Mary/James 9 1649 49 Whitehall Palace Executed Windsor Castle, St George's Chapel 24
Oliver Cromwell Commonwealth 1599 Huntingdon Robert Cromwell Elizabeth Steward 1653 Elizabeth Bourchier 1620 St Giles, London Robert/Oliver/Richard/Elizabeth/Bridget/Henry/Mary/Frances 8 1658 59 Whitehall 5 Body was later dug up and head exhibited (25 years) until stolen by a guard, eventually reburied at Sidney Sussex Cambridge in 1960
Richard Cromwell Tumbledown Dick Commonwealth 1626 Huntingdon Oliver Cromwell Elizabeth Bourchier 1658 Dorothy Major 1643 Hursley, Hampshire Mary/Elizabeth/Anne/Oliver/Dorothy 8 1712 86 Hursley House, Hampshire Hursley 2 Overthrown May 1659, buried under the name John Clarke
Charles II Old Rowley/The Merry Monarch Stuart 1630 St James's Palace Charles I Henrietta Maria 1649 1661 Westminster Abbey Catherine of Braganza 1662 Portsmouth Nell Gwynn 0 Duke of Monmouth 14 1685 55 Whitehall Palace Uraemia/Mercury poisoning Westminster Abbey, Henry VII Chapel 36
James II Stuart 1633 St James's Palace Charles I Henrietta Maria 1685 1685 Westminster Abbey Anne Hyde/Mary of Modena 1660/1673 Worcester House/Dover Mary/Anne/James 15 1701 68 St Germain-en-Laye Stroke St Germain-en-Laye 3 Deposed 1689
William III King Billy Stuart & Orange 1650 The Hague William II of Orange Mary Stuart 1689 1689 Westminster Abbey Mary II 1677 St James's Palace 0 1702 52 Kensington Palace Pneumonia after fall from horse (Sorrel) 13
Mary II Stuart 1662 St James's Palace James II Anne Hyde 1689 1689 Westminster Abbey William III 1677 St James's Palace 0 1694 32 Kensington Palace Smallpox Westminster Abbey, Henry VII Chapel 5
Anne Stuart 1665 St James's Palace James II Anne Hyde 1702 1702 Westminster Abbey George of Denmark 1683 St James's Palace William (died at 11) + 16 babies/infants 17 1714 49 Kensington Palace Stroke Westminster Abbey, Henry VII Chapel 12
George I Hanover 1660 Osnabruck Ernest Augustus Sophia 1714 1714 Westminster Abbey Sophia Dorothea of Celle 1682 George/Sophia Dorothea 2 1727 67 Osnabruck Leinesschlosskirche, Hanover/Herrenhausen Palace 13 Divorced 1694
George II Hanover 1683 Herrenhausen Palace George I Sophia Dorothea of Celle 1727 1727 Westminster Abbey Caroline of Ansbach 1705 Hanover Frederick/Anne/William/Mary/Louisa 8 1760 77 Westminster Palace Heart attack Westminster Abbey, Henry VII Chapel 33
George III Farmer George Hanover 1738 Norfolk House, London Frederick Louis Augusta of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha 1760 1761 Westminster Abbey Charlotte Sophia of Mecklenburg-Strelitz 1761 St James's Palace George/Frederick/William/Ernest/Augustus/Adolphus 15 1820 82 Windsor Castle Senility 60 Periodic attacks of apparent insanity
George IV Prinny Hanover 1762 St James's Palace George III Charlotte Sophia of Mecklenburg-Strelitz 1820 1821 Westminster Abbey Maria Fitzherbert/Caroline of Brunswick 1785/1795 Mayfair/St James's Palace Charlotte 1 1830 68 Windsor Castle Liver damage Windsor Castle, St George's Chapel 10
William IV Sailor King/Royal Tar/Silly Billy Hanover 1765 Buckingham Palace George III Charlotte Sophia of Mecklenburg-Strelitz 1830 1831 Westminster Abbey Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen 1818 Kew Dorothea Jordan Charlotte/Elizabeth 2 10 1837 72 Windsor Castle Pneumonia and liver failure Windsor Castle, St George's Chapel 7
Victoria Grandmother of Europe Hanover 1819 Kensington Palace Edward, Duke of Kent Victoria of Saxe-Coburg 1837 1838 Westminster Abbey Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha 1840 St James's Palace Victoria/Albert Edward/Alice/Alfred/Helena/Louise/Arthur/Leopold/Beatrice 9 1901 82 Osborne House Frogmore, Windsor Home Park 64
Edward VII Peacemaker/Tum-tum Saxe-Coburg-Gotha 1841 Buckingham Palace Victoria Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha 1901 1902 Westminster Abbey Alexandra of Denmark 1863 St George's Chapel, Windsor Lilly Langtree Edward/George/Louise/Victoria/Maude 6 1910 69 Buckingham Palace Bronchitis Windsor Castle, St George's Chapel 9 Coronation postponed because of appendicitus
George V Sailor King Saxe-Coburg-Gotha/Windsor 1865 Marlborough House Edward VII Alexandra of Denmark 1910 1911 Westminster Abbey/Delhi Mary of Teck 1893 St James's Palace Edward/George/Mary/Henry/George Edward/John 6 1936 71 Sandringham House Bronchitis Windsor Castle, St George's Chapel 26
Edward VIII Our Smiling Prince Windsor 1894 White Lodge, Richmond Park George V Mary of Teck 1936 Wallis Simpson 1937 Chateau Conde, Tours 0 1972 78 Paris Cancer Frogmore, Windsor Home Park 11 months Abdicated 1936
George VI Windsor 1895 York Cottage, Sandringham George V Mary of Teck 1936 1937 Westminster Abbey Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon 1923 Westminster Abbey Elizabeth/Margaret 2 1952 57 Sandringham House Lung cancer Windsor Castle, St George's Chapel 16
Elizabeth II Windsor 1926 17 Bruton St, London George VI Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon 1952 1953 Westminster Abbey Philip 1947 Westminster Abbey Charles/Anne/Andrew/Edward 4