From Quiz Revision Notes
Year Organisation Founder Notes
1652 Quakers George Fox Religious Society of Friends
1660 Royal Society Christopher Wren and others The Royal Society of London for the Improvement of Natural Knowledge
1694 Bank of England William Patterson
1741 Foundling Hospital Thomas Coram
1747 The Shakers Jane and James Wardley Ann Lee was a member
1750 Jockey Club Founded as a high society social club
1753 British Museum Hans Sloane
1768 Royal Academy of Arts Founded through a personal act of King George III
1780 Sunday School movement Robert Raikes
1788 Linnean Society Named after the Swedish naturalist Carolus Linnaeus
1791 Ordnance Survey
1799 Royal Institution Henry Cavendish and others
1802 United States Military Academy Thomas Jefferson West Point
1804 Royal Horticultural Society John Wedgwood and Joseph Banks
1823 The Lancet Thomas Wackley
1824 National Gallery
1824 Royal National Lifeboat Institution (RNLI) William Hilary Founded on Isle of Man
1828 Royal Free Hospital Richard Marsden
1830 The Mormons Joseph Smith Succeeded by Brigham Young
1830 Royal Geographical Society
1843 The Economist James Wilson Founded to campaign against the Corn Laws
1844 YMCA George Williams
1851 Western Union Ezra Cornell Completed the first transcontinental telegraph line in 1861
1857 Alpine Club Probably the world's first mountaineering club
1859 Red Cross Henry Dunant After the Battle of Solferino
1860 Battersea Dogs Home Mary Tealby In 2002, name changed to 'The Battersea Dogs and Cats Home'
1865 Salvation Army William Booth Originally the East London Christian Mission
1865 Ku Klux Klan Founded in Tennessee by Confederate Army veterans
1866 National Secular Society Charles Bradlaugh
1866 Howard League for Penal Reform John Howard
1867 Ladybird Books Henry Wills
1869 Nature Norman Lockyer
1875 Theosophical Society Madame Blavatsky
1876 Mothers' Union Mary Sumner
1879 Christian Scientists Mary Baker Eddy
1881 American Red Cross Clara Barton
1882 Church Army Wilson Carlile
1883 Boys Brigade William Smith Motto - "sure and steadfast"
1884 Fabian Society Named in honour of the Roman general Fabius Maximus
1891 Crufts Charles Cruft Best in Show was first awarded in 1928
1891 National Canine Defence League Now known as Dogs Trust
1897 Women's Institute Adelaide Hoodless Founded in Stoney Creek, Canada. First UK meeting in 1915
1897 World Zionist Organisation
1897 National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies Millicent Fawcett
1897 Royal Automobile Club (RAC) Oldest motoring organisation in UK
1903 Automobile Association (AA)
1903 Women’s Social and Political Union (WSPU) Emmeline Pankhurst
1904 Royal Academy of Dramatic Art (RADA) Herbert Beerbohm Tree
1905 Rotary Club Founded in Chicago
1905 Magic Circle
1908 Mills & Boon Gerald Rusgrove Mills and Charles Boon
1909 National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People
1912 Calgary Stampde Guy Weadick
1912 Girl Scouts of the USA Juliette Gordon Low
1913 New Statesman Sidney and Beatrice Webb
1916 Paramount Pictures Adolph Zukor and Jesse Lasky
1917 People’s Dispensary for Sick Animals (PDSA) Maria Dickin
1917 Hogarth Press Leonard Woolf and Virginia Woolf
1919 Save the Children Eglantyne Jebb
1919 United Artists Chaplin, Fairbanks, Pickford and Griffith
1921 British Legion Earl Haig and others Granted a Royal Charter in 1971
1922 Reader's Digest Lila Bell Wallace and DeWitt Wallace
1922 Transport and General Workers’ Union Merged with Amicus to form Unite in 2007
1923 Warner Brothers Harry, Albert, Sam and Jack Warner
1923 Interpol Founded in Austria as the International Criminal Police (ICP)
1928 Flying Doctor Service John Flynn Founded in Queensland
1928 Muslim Brotherhood Hassan al-Banna
1928 Opus Dei Josemaría Escriva de Balaguer Founded in Madrid
1934 British Council
1934 Hammer Film Productions William Hinds
1934 National Council for Civil Liberties (NCCL) Changed its name to "Liberty" in 1989
1935 Alcoholics Anonymous Bill Wilson and Bob Smith Founded in Akron, Ohio
1935 American Institute of Public Opinion George Gallup
1935 Ramblers’ Association TA Leonard Rebranded as the "Ramblers" in 2009
1946 Mensa Roland Berrill and Lancelot Ware At Lincoln College Oxford
1950 Missionaries of Charity Mother Teresa Headquarters in Kolkata
1951 War on Want Motto - "Poverty is Political"
1953 The Samaritians Chad Varah
1955 Black Sash Jean Sinclair White women's resistance organization in South Africa
1955 Institute of Economic Affairs Think tank
1957 White Defence League Colin Jordan Dissolved in 1960
1957 Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND) Bertrand Russell was the first President
1961 Monday Club Founded by four young Conservative Party members
1961 Amnesty International Peter Benenson
1961 World Wildlife Fund Changed its name to World Wide Fund for Nature in 1986
1964 Organization of Afro-American Unity Malcolm X
1965 Confederation of British Industry (CBI)
1965 National Viewers' and Listeners' Association (NVLA) Mary Whitehouse Now known as Mediawatch-uk
1965 The Landmark Trust John Smith Building preservation charity
1966 Black Panthers Huey Newton and Bobby Seale
1967 Hospice movement Cecily Saunders St Christopher’s Hospice
1969 Friends of the Earth David Brower Motto - "Think globally, act locally"
1971 Campaign for Real Ale (CAMRA) Founded in Ireland
1971 Greenpeace Bob Hunter Founded in Vancouver
1971 Médecins Sans Frontières Bernard Kouchner and others Formed as an aftermath of the Biafra secession
1977 Sea Shepherd Conservation Society Paul Watson
1979 Inamrsat Founded as the International Maritime Satellite Organization
1984 Cirque de Soleil Guy Laliberte
1985 COTS (Childlessness Overcome Through Surrogacy) Kim Cotton Britain’s first surrogate mother
2003 Fathers 4 Justice Matt O'Connor
2005 Plane Stupid Want to see an end to airport expansion
2007 Help for Heroes Bryn and Emma Parry