Lifestyle/Newspapers and Comics

From Quiz Revision Notes

UK newspapers

UK daily newspapers by circulation – 1st The Sun, 2nd Daily Mail, 3rd Daily Mirror

UK Sunday newspapers by circulation – 1st The Sun on Sunday, 2nd The Mail on Sunday, 3rd Sunday Mirror

Newspaper editors

Correct as of April 2023

The Times Tony Gallagher
The Sunday Times Ben Taylor
The Daily Telegraph Chris Evans
The Sunday Telegraph Allister Heath
Financial Times Roula Khalaf
The Guardian Katharine Viner
The Observer Paul Webster
The Independent Georgie Greig
Daily Mail Ted Verity
The Mail on Sunday David Dillon
Daily Express Gary Jones
Sunday Express David Wooding
The Sun Victoria Newton
The Sun on Sunday Victoria Newton
Daily Mirror Alison Phillips
Sunday Mirror Gemma Aldridge
Daily Star Jon Clark
Daily Star on Sunday Denis Mann
i Oliver Duff
Evening Standard Jack Lefley
Metro Ted Young

Daily Courant was the first successful daily newspaper, 1702

The North Briton was a radical newspaper published in 18th century London. Although written anonymously, The North Briton is closely associated with the name of John Wilkes

The News Letter, established in Belfast in 1737, is the world’s oldest English language general daily newspaper still in circulation

Daily Universal Register (1785) became The Times (1788)

The Observer is the oldest Sunday newspaper (1791). Taken over by Guardian Media Group in 1993

The Scotsman was launched in 1817 as a liberal weekly newspaper by lawyer William Ritchie and customs official Charles Maclaren

The original John Bull was a Sunday newspaper established in the City of London by Theodore Hook in 1820. Horatio Bottomley, an MP for the Liberal Party, became the publisher of the magazine in1906

John Edward Taylor was the founder of the Manchester Guardian newspaper in 1821, later to become The Guardian, in 1959

The Sunday Times began publication in 1821 as the The New Observer. Changed names in 1822

The Liberator (1831 to1865) was an abolitionist newspaper founded by William Lloyd Garrison and Isaac Knapp

News of the World was first published in 1843, in London by John Browne Bell

The Daily Telegraph was founded by Arthur Sleigh in 1855 as the Daily Telegraph and Courier

CP Scott was the editor of the Manchester Guardian from 1872 until 1929 and its owner from 1907 until his death in 1932. He was also a Liberal Member of Parliament

Daily Mail was founded by Alfred Harmsworth (later Lord Northcliffe) and his brother Harold (later Lord Rothermere) in 1896

Daily Sketch was founded in 1909, and merged with Daily Mail in 1971

Daily Herald was published in London from 1912 to 1964 (although it was weekly during the First World War). It ceased publication when it was relaunched as The Sun

Felix the Cat was created in 1919, and first appeared in the Daily Sketch in 1923

Beachcomber was the nom de plume used by surrealist humorous columnists D. B. Wyndham-Lewis and, chiefly, J. B. Morton as authors of the Daily Express column ‘By the Way’ in the period 1919 to 1975. Other authors who used the name were Major John Bernard Arbuthnot, the column's founder, and William Hartston, the current author of its revived form

First crossword in UK newspaper was in the Sunday Express in 1924

The cartoonist David Low first drew Colonel Blimp for Lord Beaverbrook's London Evening Standard in the 1930s

The Morning Star was founded in 1930 as the Daily Worker, the official organ of the Communist Party of Great Britain, but since 1945 it has been owned and published by a readers' co-operative, the Peoples Press Printing Society which operates on one vote per shareholder. The paper was re-launched as The Morning Star in 1966

Lord Rothermere wrote an article entitled "Hurrah for the Blackshirts" in the Daily Mail in 1934, praising Mosley for his "sound, commonsense, Conservative doctrine"

Garth was a comic strip in the Daily Mirror from 1943 to 1997. The strip recounted the exploits of the title character, an immensely strong hero who battled various villains throughout the world and many different chronological eras

The first Giles cartoon appeared in the Express in 1943

Flook, drawn by Wally Fawkes (Trog), first appeared in Daily Mail in 1949

Supermac was a cartoon in Evening Standard by Vicky in 1958

In the 1960s Jocelyn Stevens was managing director of the Evening Standard and Daily Express

Sunday Telegraph was first published in 1961

First colour supplement was in Sunday Times in 1962

The Page Three girl was introduced in 1969 when Rupert Murdoch relaunched The Sun. The Page Three girl was topless for the first time on 17 November 1970, when editor Larry Lamb unveiled the change while Murdoch was out of the country. The first topless model was Stephanie Rahn

Vivien Neves was the first nude model to appear in The Times, in 1971

The Fosdyke Saga was written by Bill Tidy. Published in the Daily Mirror in the 1970s. It was the story of Roger Ditchley, a wastrel son of tripe magnate, Old Ben Ditchley, who was deliberately disinherited by his father in favour of Jos Fosdyke

Donald Trelford was editor of The Observer from 1975 to 1993

The Star was first published in 1978

Sunday Times bought the fake Hitler Diaries in 1983 – a hoax perpetrated on Stern magazine and others by the forger Konrad Kujau

Today was published between 1986 and 1995. It pioneered computer photosetting and full-colour offset printing at a time when national newspapers were still using Linotype machines and letterpress. Launched by regional newspaper entrepreneur Eddy Shah, it was bought by Tiny Rowland's Lonrho within four months. Today was sold to Rupert Murdoch's News International in 1987

The European, billed as ‘Europe's first national newspaper’, was a British weekly newspaper founded by Robert Maxwell. It lasted from 1990 until 1998

Tiny Rowland owned The Observer until 1993

Rosie Boycott was the first woman to edit a broadsheet (Independent on Sunday in 1996)

Tamara Drewe is a weekly comic strip serial by Posy Simmonds published in The Guardian's Review section. The strip is based upon a modern reworking of Thomas Hardy's novel Far from the Madding Crowd. The strip made its first appearance in The Guardian in 2005, in the first Berliner-sized Saturday edition. The complete work was published as a graphic novel in 2007

Former Guardian editor Alan Rusbridger coined the term ‘superinjunction’ in an article about the Trafigura affair in 2009

Commie Chef is a cookery column in Morning Star

Insight is an investigative team for The Sunday Times which is well-known for exposing stories such as discovering Soviet defect Kim Philby's role in MI6, investigating the thalidomide controversy, revealing the secret manufacture of nuclear weapons by Israel, and more recently the FIFA cash for votes scandal

Bridget Jones’ diary was a column in The Independent

Azed – crossword compiler Jonathan Crowther, in The Observer

The Guardian and The Observer are now in Berliner format. Slightly larger than tabloid/compact format

The Times and The Independent are in Compact format

Alex Masterley is a City banker in the Alex Daily Telegraph strip cartoon

If…  is a Guardian cartoon strip by Steve Bell

The Sun printed pictures of Sophie Rhys-Jones cavorting with Chris Tarrant

Osbert Lancaster was a former Daily Express cartoonist

Peter Hitchens was a political journalist at the Mail on Sunday

Daily Mail is published by Associated Newspapers

Rebekah Brooks (formerly Wade) was editor of The Sun, until her promotion to chief executive of News International

UK magazines

The London Gazette is one of the official journals of record of the British government, and the most important among such official journals in the United Kingdom, in which certain statutory notices are required to be published. First published in 1665. The London Gazette claims to be the oldest surviving English newspaper and the oldest continuously published newspaper in the UK

The Spectator was first published in 1711

A penny dreadful was a type of British fiction publication in the 19th century that usually featured lurid serial stories appearing in parts over a number of weeks, each part costing a penny

Examiner was a weekly paper founded by Leigh and John Hunt in 1808. For the first fifty years it was a leading intellectual journal expounding radical principles

Westminster Review was founded by Jeremy Bentham in 1823

Punch was founded in 1841 by Henry Mayhew and engraver Ebenezer Landells. At its founding it was jointly edited by Mayhew and Mark Lemon. Initially it was subtitled The London Charivari, this being a reference to a satirical humour magazine published in France under the title Le Charivari. It was published from 1841 to 1992 and from 1996 to 2002

The Illustrated London News was a magazine founded by Herbert Ingram and his friend Mark Lemon, the editor of the magazine Punch. With Lemon as his chief adviser, the first edition of the Illustrated London News appeared in 1842

The Economist was founded by James Wilson in 1843, to advance the repeal of the Corn Laws

‘A Venerable Orang-outang’, a caricature of Charles Darwin as an ape, was published in The Hornet in 1871

Science was founded by New York journalist John Michaels in 1880 with financial support from Thomas Edison and later from Alexander Graham Bell

Dropping the Pilot is a political cartoon by Sir John Tenniel, first published in Punch in 1890. It depicts Chancellor Otto von Bismarck stepping off a ship, watched by the German Emperor Wilhelm II

The Studio was an illustrated fine arts and decorative arts magazine, first published in Britain in 1893, which exerted a major influence on the development of the Art Nouveau and Arts and Crafts movements

Radio Times was founded in 1923

Gramophone magazine was founded by Compton McKenzie in 1923

Melody Maker was founded in 1926

Tintin in the Land of the Soviets was the first UK Tintin comic

The Listener magazine was founded by the BBC in 1929 as a review of radio programmes. Ceased publication in 1991

New Musical Express was founded in 1952

New Scientist was first published in 1956

Which? Magazine was first published in 1957

Private Eye was first published in Neasden in 1961. Lord Snooty in Private Eye – Charles Moore. Cyclops compiles Private Eye crossword

Look and Learn was a British weekly educational magazine for children published by Fleetway Publications Ltd from 1962 until 1982

Jackie magazine ran from 1964 to 1993. Jackie magazine is named after Jacqueline Wilson

Penthouse was founded by Bob Guccione in 1965

Smash Hits ran from 1978 to 2006 and was issued fortnightly

Viz magazine was foundd in 1979 by Chris Donald

The Face was launched in 1980 by Nick Logan. Closed in 2004

Big Issue was launched by John Bird in 1991

The Oldie is a monthly magazine launched in 1992 by Richard Ingrams

Nuts, Zoo – weekly men’s magazines

Granta is a literary quarterly founded by students of Cambridge University

FHM magazine has an annual ‘100 Sexiest Women in The World’ poll

FHM was originally published as For Him Magazine

Taki Theodoracopulos, best known as Taki, is a Greek-born journalist. His column ‘High Life’ has appeared in The Spectator since 1977

Ian Macleod and Nigel Lawson were both editors of The Spectator

Hello has been published in the United Kingdom since 1988. Hello is sister magazine to ¡Hola!, the Spanish weekly magazine launched in Spain in 1944

UK comics

Corky the Cat first appeared in The Dandy, first published in 1937. Dreadlock Holmes is the new amateur detective in The Dandy

Desperate Dan first appeared in The Beano in 1938. Lives in Cactusville. Gnipper is Gnasher’s son, in The Beano. Bash Street Kids are in The Beano

Dennis the Menace and Gnasher (previously titled Dennis and Gnasher, and originally titled Dennis the Menace) first appeared in The Beano in 1951

Dennis the Menace’s pets – Gnasher (dog), Rasher (pig), Dasher (spider)

Melchester Rovers are a fictional football team with whom Roy Race spent most of his illustrious career in the British comic strip Roy of the Rovers, which first appeared in Tiger at its inception in 1954. Tubby Morton was the goalkeeper. Roy Race was shot by Elton Blake. Rocky Race was the son of Roy Race

Bunty was published from 1958 to 2001. Featured The Four Marys (Raddy, Simpy, Fieldy and Cotty)

Tammy was published from 1971 to 1984, at which point it merged with Girl

Belle of the Ballet and Angela the Air Hostess were comic strips in Girl

Offices of DC Thompson, the publishers of The Beano and The Dandy, are in Dundee

Victor was published from 1961 to 1992. Full title The Victor Book for Boys. Featured Alf Tupper – The Tough of the Track

Valiant was published from 1962 to 1976. Featured Captain Hurricane

Dan Dare was created by illustrator Frank Hampson for the Eagle comic story Dan Dare, Pilot of the Future in 1950. Digby was Dan Dare’s sidekick. The Mekon was the ruler of the Treens of northern Venus. Arthur C Clarke was a scientific advisor to the Dan Dare comic strip

Charley's War is a British comic strip written by Pat Mills and drawn by Joe Colquhoun. It was originally published in Battle Picture Weekly from 1979 to 1985. Charley's War tells the story of an underage British soldier called Charley Bourne

US newspapers

In 1913, Arthur Wynne, a journalist from Liverpool, published a ‘word-cross’ puzzle in the New York World. This puzzle is frequently cited as the first crossword puzzle

Krazy Kat is a comic strip created by George Herriman that appeared in U.S. newspapers between 1913 and 1944. It was first published in William Randolph Hearst's New York Evening Journal

Ripley's Believe It or Not! is a franchise, founded by Robert Ripley. Ripley first called his cartoon feature, originally involving sports feats, Champs and Chumps, and it premiered in 1918, in the New York Globe

Dick Tracy was created by Chester Gould in 1931, in the Chicago Tribune

New York Times is known as ‘The Gray Lady’

Hercule Poirot is the only fictitious person to have been given an obituary in the New York Times

Gordon Bennett was the founder, editor and publisher of the New York Herald

The Wall Street Journal was founded in 1889

USA Today was founded in 1982. The newspaper vies with The Wall Street Journal and The New York Times for the position of having the widest circulation of any newspaper in the United States

US magazines

Time was founded in 1923. It has the world's largest circulation for a weekly news magazine, and has a readership of 25 million, 20 million of which are based in the United States. The tradition of selecting a "Man of the Year" began in 1927. In 1999, the title was changed to Person of the Year. The 31 December 1999 issue of Time named Albert Einstein the "Person of the Century"

Richard Nixon has graced Time's cover more than any other person, appearing on the front-page 55 times so far. Hillary Clinton has outpaced all other women, earning 19 covers as of October 2013

The New Yorker debuted in 1925. It was founded by Harold Ross and his wife, Jane Grant, a New York Times reporter

Fortune is an American business magazine published globally by Time Inc. and founded by Henry Luce in 1929

Picture Post launched by Edward Halton in 1938. Publication ceased in 1957

Marilyn Monroe was the first centerfold in Playboy, founded by Hugh Hefner in Chicago in 1953

Diana Vreeland was editor-in-chief of Vogue from 1963 to 1971

Anna Wintour is the editor-in-chief of American Vogue, a position she has held since 1988. The Miranda Priestly character in the novel The Devil Wears Prada has many similarities to Wintour

Hustler was founded by Larry Flynt in 1974

Metamagical Themas is an eclectic collection of articles written for Scientific American during the early 1980s by Douglas Hofstadter

Wired is a monthly American magazine and on-line periodical that reports on how technology affects culture, the economy, and politics. The magazine was founded by American journalist Louis Rossetto and his partner Jane Metcalfe in 1993

Conde Nast, a division of Advance Publications, produces 18 consumer magazines, including Architectural Digest, GQ, The New Yorker, Vanity Fair, and Vogue

The Onion is a United States-based parody newspaper published weekly in print and daily online. It features satirical articles reporting on international, national, and local news as well as an entertainment newspaper and website known as ‘The A.V. Club’

US comics

First comic strip was Yellow Kid in New York World, 1896

Zorro is a character created in 1919 by New York–based pulp writer Johnston McCulley. First appeared in All-Story Weekly. Zorro (Spanish for ‘fox’) is the secret identity of Don Diego de la Vega, a Californio nobleman and master living in the Spanish colonial era

Anthony Rogers is a fictional character that first appeared in Armageddon 2419 A.D. by Philip Francis Nowlan in a 1928 issue of the pulp magazine Amazing Stories. Nowlan later changed the hero’s name to Buck Rogers. Wilma Deering is the partner of Buck Rogers

Elzie Crisler Segar was an American cartoonist, best known as the creator of Popeye, a character who first appeared in his newspaper comic strip, Thimble Theater, in 1929

Popeye did not have a dog, but did have a pet called Eugene the Jeep who is magical

Li'l Abner was a comic strip in United States newspapers, featuring a fictional clan of hillbillies in the impoverished town of Dogpatch. Written and drawn by Al Capp, it ran from 1934 through 1977

Superman created by Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster in 1938. Kal-El was the original name of Superman. Lara is Superman’s mother

The original Crimson Avenger made his first published appearance in Detective Comics #20 (1938). He was a wealthy newsman named Lee Walter Travis

DC Comics was founded as National Allied Publications in 1934 by Malcolm Wheeler-Nicholson. The initials DC were originally an abbreviation for ‘Detective Comics’ (one of their comic book titles), and later became the company's official name

Captain Marvel was originally published by Fawcett Comics and later by DC Comics. Created in 1939 by artist C. C. Beck and writer Bill Parker, the character first appeared in Whiz Comics #2 (February 1940). Captain Marvel is the alter ego of Billy Batson

Green Lantern is the name of multiple superheroes from the DC Universe, all of whom are characterized by a power ring and the ability to create solid constructs with the ring. The first Green Lantern (Alan Scott) was created by writer Bill Finger and artist Martin Nodell in All-American Comics #16 (1940)

Captain America is superhero published by Marvel Comics. Created by Joe Simon and Jack Kirby, he first appeared in Captain America Comics #1 (March 1941). Captain America is the alter ego of Steve Rogers. His sidekick is Bucky

Thor was created by Stan Lee in Marvel Comics

Li’l Folks became Peanuts in 1950. Peanuts ran until 13 February 2000 (the day after Charles M. Schulz's death)

Harvey Kurtzman was a U.S. cartoonist and magazine editor. In 1952, he was the founding editor of the comic book Mad. Kurtzman was equally well known for the long-running Little Annie Fanny stories in Playboy. Alfred E. Neuman is the fictitious mascot and cover boy of Mad magazine

Justice League of America or JLA, is a fictional superhero team that appears in comic books published by DC Comics. First appearing in The Brave and the Bold #28 (1960), the Justice League originally featured Superman, Batman, Wonder Woman, Flash (Barry Allen), Green Lantern (Hal Jordan), Aquaman (Arthur Curry), and the Martian Manhunter

Fantastic Four – debuted in Marvel Comics in 1961. The four individuals gained superpowers after exposure to cosmic rays during a scientific mission to outer space, are: Mr. Fantastic (Reed Richards), the Invisible Woman (Sue Storm), the Human Torch (Johnny Storm), and the monstrous Thing (Ben Grimm)

The Hulk appears in comic books published by Marvel Comics. Created by Stan Lee and Jack Kirby, the character first appeared in 1962. The Hulk is cast as alter ego of the physicist Dr. Bruce Banner. The Hulk appears shortly after Banner is accidentally exposed to the blast of a test detonation of a gamma bomb he invented

Spider-Man first appeared in Amazing Fantasy in 1962. Spider-Man’s alter ego, Peter Parker, works for the Daily Bugle

The Green Goblin is a Marvel Comics supervillain and an arch-enemy of Spider-Man. Created by writer Stan Lee and artist Steve Ditko, he first appeared in Amazing Spider-Man #14 (July 1964). The first, current, and best-known Green Goblin is the alter ego of industrialist Norman Osborn

The Avengers are a team of superheroes, appearing in magazines published by Marvel Comics. The team made its debut in The Avengers #1 (1963), and was created by writer-editor Stan Lee and artist / co-plotter Jack Kirby. Labeled ‘Earth's Mightiest Heroes’, the Avengers originally consisted of Ant-Man (Dr. Hank Pym), Wasp (Janet Van Dyne), Thor, Iron Man (Tony Stark), and the Hulk

Daredevil is a Marvel Comics character created by Stan Lee in 1964. Lives in the Hell's Kitchen neighbourhood of New York City. Real name Matt Murdock

One of Robert Crumb’s recognized works is the Keep on Truckin' drawing, which became a widely distributed fixture of pop culture in the 1970s. Others are the characters Devil Girl, Fritz the Cat and Mr. Natural

Doonesbury is a comic strip by Garry Trudeau. It chronicles the adventures and lives of a vast array of different characters, of different ages, professions, and backgrounds – from the President of the United States to the title character, Michael Doonesbury, a struggling middle aged remarried father. First published in 1970

Blade is a superhero and vampire hunter in the Marvel Comics Universe. Created inb 1973. Real name Eric Brooks

Hagar the Horrible – wife Helga, son Hamlet, daughter Honi, Helga's pet duck Kvack, and Hagar's dog Snert. Created in 1973. Currently drawn by Chris Browne

Calvin and Hobbes is a daily comic strip that was written and illustrated by American cartoonist Bill Watterson, and syndicated from 1985 to 1995. It follows the humorous antics of Calvin, a precocious and adventurous six-year-old boy, and Hobbes, his sardonic stuffed tiger. The pair are named after John Calvin and Thomas Hobbes

Batman: The Dark Knight Returns is a Batman graphic novel mini-series written and drawn by Frank Miller and published by DC Comics in 1986. A sequel, Batman: The Dark Knight Strikes Again, was published in 2001

Frank King was an American cartoonist most famous for the comic strip Gasoline Alley

Sin City is a series of neo-noir comics by Frank Miller

Catwoman is the alter-ego of Selina Kyle

The X-Men are a fictional team of superheroes appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. Created by writer Stan Lee and artist/co-writer Jack Kirby, the characters first appeared in The X-Men #1 (September 1963). Wolverine was born James Howlett and is commonly known as Logan

The Transformers is published by Marvel Comics. Autobots vs Decepticons. Features Megatron and Shockwave

From Hell is a comic book series by writer Alan Moore and artist Eddie Campbell speculating upon the identity and motives of Jack the Ripper

Dennis the Menace takes place in a middle-class suburban neighborhood in Wichita, Kansas. The Mitchells live in a two story house on Elm Street. The Wilsons live next door at 2253 Pine Street

Comics Code Authority (CCA) is part of the Comics Magazine Association of America (CMAA), and was created to regulate the content of comic books in the United States. The CCA was created in 1954

The Will Eisner Comic Industry Awards, commonly shortened to the Eisner Awards, are prizes given for creative achievement in American comic books, sometimes referred to as the Comics Industry's equivalent of the Oscar Awards

San Diego Comic-Con International is a multigenre entertainment and comic convention held annually in San Diego


Pravda was first published in St Petersburg in 1912. Lenin was on the staff

Asterix the Gaul was written by Rene Goscinny and illustrated by Albert Uderzo. First published in 1961. Set in 50 BC. Getafix (village druid), Anticlimax (cousin of Asterix), Obelix (delivery man and warrior), Vitalstatistix (village chief), Cacofonix (bard)

International Herald Tribune is published in Paris

The Adventures of Tintin is a series of comic albums created by Belgian cartoonist Georges Remi, who wrote under the pen name Herge, and was first published in 1929. Snowy is a fox terrier, in Tintin. Captain Archibald Haddock is in Tintin

Der Spiegel (‘The Mirror’) is a German weekly magazine, published in Hamburg. It is Europe's largest weekly magazine with a circulation of more than one million per week

Die Zeit (‘The Time’) is the most widely read German weekly newspaper. Published in Hamburg

Axel Springer is Europe’s largest publisher. Publishes Bild (‘Picture’), Europe’s largest circulation daily newspaper, and Die Welt (‘The World’)

The Golden Boy is given out to the top under-21-year-old football player active in Europe. Awarded by the Italian newspaper Tuttosport

Corriere della Sera is an Italian daily newspaper, published in Milan. Its main rivals are Rome's la Repubblica and Turin's La Stampa

La Gazetta Della Sport is published in Milan

Grazia (Italian for ‘Grace’) is an Italian and a British weekly women's glossy magazine. In Italy, it is owned by the Mondadori (one of Berlusconi's companies), and it owned in the UK under licence by Emap. Motto – ‘A lot can happen in a week’

Le Figaro was founded in 1826 and is published in Paris

Le Monde is a French daily evening newspaper continuously published in Paris since its first edition in 1944

La Stampa was founded in 1867 and is published in Turin

El País is the highest-circulation daily newspaper in Spain and one of three Madrid dailies considered to be national newspapers of record for Spain (along with El Mundo and ABC)


The Sydney Morning Herald was founded in 1831 as the Sydney Herald. It is the oldest continuously published newspaper in Australia

The Age was founded in Melbourne in 1854

The Australian is a conservative broadsheet newspaper published in Australia from Monday to Saturday each week since 1964. The Australian is the biggest-selling national newspaper in the country

Granma is the official newspaper of the Central Committee of the Cuban Communist Party. Its name comes from the yacht Granma that carried Fidel Castro and 81 other rebels to Cuba's shores in 1956 launching the Cuban Revolution

Penguin News is a Falkland Islands newspaper

Maclean's is a Canadian weekly news magazine, reporting on Canadian issues such as politics, pop culture, and current events

South China Morning Post is a Hong Kong English-language newspaper

The Times of India is an Indian English-language daily newspaper. It is the third-largest newspaper in India by circulation and largest selling English-language daily in the world