Sport and Leisure/FIFA World Cup

From Quiz Revision Notes

FIFA was founded in Paris in 1904

In 1914, FIFA agreed to recognise the Olympic tournament as a "world football championship for amateurs", and took responsibility for organising the event. This led the way for the world's first intercontinental football competition, at the 1920 Summer Olympics, won by Belgium. Uruguay won the tournaments in 1924 and 1928.

In 1928 FIFA made the decision to stage their own international tournament. With Uruguay now two-time official football world champions and due to celebrate their centenary of independence in 1930, FIFA named Uruguay as the host country for the inaugural World Cup tournament, organised by FIFA president Jules Rimet

1930 Uruguay

Thirteen teams, seven from South America, four from Europe and two from North America entered the tournament

Group stage

Lucien Laurent scored the first ever FIFA World Cup goal, for France against Mexico

Argentina 6 Mexico 3

The first hat-trick in a World Cup match was scored by Bert Patenaude of USA in the match against Paraguay

Mario de Las Casas (Peru) was the first player to be sent off

Argentina, Uruguay, the United States and Yugoslavia each won their respective groups to qualify for the semi-finals

Semi-finals

Argentina 6 USA 1

Uruguay 6 Yugoslavia 1

Final

Uruguay 4 Argentina 2. Match played at the Centenary Stadium, Montevideo

Jules Rimet presented the trophy

Each half was played with a different ball manufactured in each country

Winning captain – Jose Nasazzi

Winning manager – Alberto Suppici

Golden Boot – Guillermo Stabile (Argentina). 8 goals

King Carol II selected the Romania squad

The last living player from the final, Francisco Varallo (Argentina), died in 2010

There was no third place playoff

1934 Italy

Qualifying competition

First World Cup for which teams had to qualify to take part

Uruguay did not enter

Sweden beat Estonia 6-2 in first World Cup qualifier in 1933

This was the first and only time the host nation was not granted automatic qualification

Egypt was the first team from Africa in the finals

The last place in the finals was contested between the United States and Mexico only three days before the start of the tournament in a one-off match in Rome, which the United States won

First round

All eight first round matches kicked off at the same time

Italy 7 USA

Spain 3 Brazil 1

Valdemar de Brito (Brazil) became the first player to miss a penalty in a World Cup

Quarter-finals

Italy drew with Spain, with Italy winning the replay played the following day

Semi-finals

Italy 1 Austria 0

Czechoslovakia 3 Germany 1

Third place playoff

Germany 3 Austria 2

Final

Italy 2 Czechoslovakia 1. Match played at Stadio Nazionale del PNF (National Stadium of the National Fascist Party) in Rome

Winning goal scored by Sciavio in extra time

Winning captain – Gianpiero Combi

Winning manager – Vittorio Pozzo

Golden Boot – Oldrich Nejedly (Czechoslovakia). 5 goals

1938 France

Qualifying competition

Because of anger over the decision to hold a second successive World Cup in Europe, neither Uruguay nor Argentina entered the competition, whilst Spain became the first country to be prevented from competing because of it being at war.

It was the first time that the hosts (France) and the title holders (Italy) qualified automatically.

Title holders were given an automatic entry into the World Cup until 2006 when this was abolished. Of the 14 remaining places, eleven were allocated to Europe, two to the Americas, and one to Asia.

Indonesia, under the name Dutch East Indies, was the first Asian team to participate in the World Cup. A 6-0 first-round loss to Hungary remains the country's only appearance

Austria qualified, but after qualification was complete, the Anschluss united Austria with Germany. Austria subsequently withdrew from the tournament

Cuba appeared in the World Cup for the only time

First round

Brazil 6 Poland 5 (after extra time)

Sweden given a walkover following the withdrawal of Austria

Cuba 2 Romania 1 (replay after a 3-3 draw)

Quarter-finals

Sweden 8 Cuba 0

The match between Brazil and Czechoslovakia was known as “The Battle of Bordeaux”. Three players were sent off, and the Czech goalkeeper played most of the match with a broken arm (it ended 1-1, Brazil winning the reply).

Semi-finals

Hungary 5 Sweden 1

Italy 2 Brazil 1

Third place playoff

Brazil 4 Sweden 2

Final

Italy 4 Hungary 2. Match played at Stade Olympique de Colombes, Paris

Winning captain – Giuseppe Meazza

Winning manager – Vittorio Pozzo

Pozzo is the only person to guide his national team to two World Cup final wins

Golden Boot – Leonidas (Brazil). 8 goals

1942 and 1946 World Cups were cancelled due to World War II

1950 Brazil

Qualifying competition

Germany and Japan were banned from qualifying

The British nations were invited to take part, having rejoined FIFA four years earlier, after 17 years of self-imposed exile. It was decided to use the 1949–50 British Home Championship as a qualifying group, with the top two teams qualifying. England finished first and Scotland second, although Scotland withdrew before the tournament as they were not British champions.

India withdrew for a number of reasons, including that according to FIFA regulations players had to wear football boots and would not be allowed to play barefoot.

First round

For the first time, the 16 teams were divided into four first round groups of four teams, with the four group winners advancing to a final group stage

England’s first World Cup match was against Chile, played in the Maracana. England won 2-0, with goals from Mortensen and Mannion

England’s second match was a shock 1-0 loss to USA, played in Belo Horizonte. The goal was scored by Haitian-born centre forward Joe Gaetjens

England lost the third match 1-0 to Spain and were eliminated

Uruguay beat Bolivia 8-0 in the only match played in Group 4, following the withdrawal of France (who had complained at the amount of travel involved)

Final round

Brazil beat Sweden 7-1 and Spain 6-1 but lost the deciding match 2-1 to Uruguay. The match was played at the Maracana in front of a crowd close to 200,000, and was refereed by George Reader (England)

Winning captain – Obdulio Varela

Winning manager – Juan López Fontana

Golden Boot – Ademir (Brazil). 8 goals

This was the only tournament not decided by a one-match final. It was also the first tournament where the trophy was referred to as the Jules Rimet Cup, to mark the 25th anniversary of Jules Rimet's presidency of FIFA

1954 Switzerland

Qualifying competition

Scotland, Turkey and South Korea made their World Cup debuts

West Germany qualified against fellow Germans from the Saarland (which then was a French protectorate)

Argentina declined to participate for the third World Cup in succession

Group stage

The sixteen qualifying teams were divided into four groups of four teams each. Each group contained two seeded teams and two unseeded teams. Only four matches were scheduled for each group, each pitting a seeded team against an unseeded team

Extra time was played if the score was level after 90 minutes, with the result being a draw if the scores were still level after 120 minutes

Two of the four groups required playoffs, and the other two required drawing of lots between the two top teams

England drew their first game against Belgium 4-4 (after extra time). Nat Lofthouse scored two of the goals

England beat Switzerland 2-0 in their second game

Hungary 9 South Korea 0

Turkey 7 South Korea 0

Hungary 8 Germany 3

Austria 1 Scotland 0

Scotland’s first manager, Andy Beattie, resigned after match against Austria

Uruguay 7 Scotland 0

Quarter-finals

Uruguay 4 England 2. Lofthouse and Finney scored for England

Austria 7 Switzerland 5. Highest scoring match ever in the World Cup

The match between Hungary and Brazil is known as “The Battle of Bern”. Violent conduct and fighting prompted English referee Arthur Ellis to send off three players during the match. Fighting between the teams continued in the dressing rooms after the final whistle.

Semi-finals

West Germany 6 Austria 1

Hungary 4 Uruguay 2

Third place playoff

Austria 3 Uruguay 1

Final

West Germany 3 Hungary 2

Known as “The Miracle of Bern” as Hungary had beaten West Germany 8-3 in the group stages. Played at the Wankdorf Stadium. Puskas scored the first goal for Hungary. Helmut Rahn scored the winning goal

Winning captain – Fritz Walter

Winning manager – Sepp Herberger

Golden Boot – Sandor Kocsis (Hungary) 11 goals

This tournament had the highest average goals per game (5.38)

1958 Sweden

Qualifying competition

Soviet Union qualified for the first time

All four home nations qualified for the only time

Wales qualified after winning a playoff against Israel

Italy failed to qualify for the only time

Group stage

Seeding for the groups was done on a geographical basis, with Western European, Eastern European, British, and Americas pots

Northern Ireland beat Czechoslovakia, lost to Argentina, and drew with West Germany. They finished second in Group 1 after winning a playoff against Czechoslovakia, with Peter McParland scoring two goals

Scotland finished bottom of Group 2 after drawing with Yugoslavia, but losing to Paraguay and France

In Group 3 Wales drew their matches against Hungary, Mexico, and Sweden. They qualified for the quarter-finals with a playoff win against Hungary, with Ivor Allchurch and Terry Medwin scoring the goals

England 2 Soviet Union 2

England 0 Brazil 0. First ever goalless game in World Cup history

England 2 Austria 2

Playoff – Soviet Union 1 England 0

Quarter-finals

Brazil 1 Wales 0. Pele scored his first World Cup goal, aged 17

France 4 Northern Ireland 0

Semi-finals

Brazil 5 France 2. Pele scored a hat-trick

Sweden 3 West Germany 1

Third-place playoff

France 6 West Germany 3

Final

Brazil 5 Sweden 2

Pele scored two goals, to become the youngest goal scorer in a final

Final played in Gothenburg

Winning captain – Hideraldo Bellini

Winning manager – Vicente Feola

Golden Boot – Just Fontaine (France). 13 goals

To date, this marks the only occasion that a World Cup staged in Europe was not won by a European team

Bobby Robson played for England

Wales were managed by Jimmy Murphy

Northern Ireland were managed by Peter Doherty

Northern Ireland goalkeeper Harry Gregg was named in the team of the tournament. Although Just Fontaine got more votes than any other forward, they were split between the left and right inside forward positions, so he was not included

1962 Chile

Qualifying competition

Colombia and Bulgaria qualified for the first time. France failed to qualify

Group stage

Pele was injured in the match against Czechoslovakia

The match between host Chile and Italy was known as “The Battle of Santiago”. Although only two players (both of them Italian) were sent off by the English referee Ken Aston, the match saw repeated attempts from players on both sides to harm opponents, and the Italian team needed police protection to leave the field in safety

England 1 (Flowers (pen)) Hungary 2

England 3 (Flowers (pen), Charlton, Greaves) Argentina 1

England 0 Bulgaria 0

Quarter-finals

Brazil 3 (Garrincha (2), Vava) England 1 (Hitchens)

Jimmy Greaves caught a stray dog and carried it off the pitch

Semi-finals

Brazil 4 Chile 2

Czechoslovakia 3 Yugoslavia 1

Third place playoff

Chile 1 Yugoslavia 0

Final

Brazil 3 Czechoslovakia 1

Pele’s replacement, Amarildo, scored the first goal for Brazil

Vava became the first player to score in two World Cup finals

Winning captain – Mauro Ramos

Winning manager – Aymore Moriera

Golden Boot – shared by six players. 4 goals

Golden Ball – Garrincha (Brazil)

First World Cup that used goal average as a means of separating teams with the same amount of points

Ferenc Puskas played for Spain

The average goals per match dropped to 2.78, under 3 for the first time in competition history (the average has never been above 3 since)

The American federations claimed the tournament must be held in South America or face a complete boycott of the tournament. Chile was selected after winning a vote against Argentina

1966 England

Qualifying tournament

Portugal and North Korea qualified for the first time

Sixteen African nations boycotted the tournament in protest of a 1964 FIFA ruling that required the three second-round winners from the African zone to enter a playoff round against the winners of the Asian zone in order to win a place at the finals

Group stage

England 0 Uruguay 0

England 2 (Bobby Charlton, Hunt) Mexico 0

England 2 (Hunt (2)) France 0

Jimmy Greaves played in all three group matches. John Connolly, Terry Paine, and Ian Callaghan all played one match

All Group 1 matches were played at Wembley apart from Uruguay v France which was played at White City Stadium as Wembley had been booked for greyhound racing.

Brazil eliminated after losing to Hungary and Portugal. All Brazil’s qualifying matches were played at Goodison Park

North Korea beat Italy 1–0 at Ayresome Park, Middlesbrough and finished above them, thus earning qualification to the next round. Pak Doo-ik scored the only goal. This was the first time that a nation from outside Europe or the Americas had progressed from the first stage of a World Cup – the next would be Morocco in 1986

Quarter-finals

England 1 (Hurst) Argentina 0

Antonio Rattin (Argentina) became the first player to be sent off in a senior international football match at Wembley, by Rudolf Kreitlein (West Germany). Alf Ramsey called the Argentinians “animals”

Eusebio scored four goals as Portugal came from 3-0 behind to beat North Korea 5-3

Semi-finals

England 2 (Bobby Charlton (2)) Portugal 1 (Eusebio)

West Germany 2 Soviet Union 1. Played at Goodison Park

Third-place playoff

Portugal 2 Soviet Union 1. Refereed by Ken Dagnall (England)

Final

England 4 (Hurst (3), Peters) West Germany 2 (Haller, Weber)

Referee – Gottfried Dienst (Switzerland)

Hurst’s second goal was awarded by the Azerbaijani linesman, Tofiq Bahramov

Peters wore No 16, Hunt wore No 21

Alan Ball was the youngest player in the England team

England team – Banks, Cohen, Wilson, Stiles, J Charlton, Moore, Ball, Hunt, R Charlton, Hurst, Peters

Played on 30 July. Trophy presented by Queen Elizabeth II

Winning captain – Bobby Moore

Winning manager – Alf Ramsey

Golden Boot – Eusebio (Portugal). 9 goals

Golden Ball – Bobby Charlton

After his death in 1993, the national stadium of Azerbaijan was renamed the Tofiq Bahramov Stadium

Helmut Haller got the match ball, though more than 30 years later he returned to England to present it to Geoff Hurst

The next time Ian Callaghan played for England was in 1977

World Cup was stolen from an exhibition at Westminster Central Hall, and found seven days later in South Norwood by Pickles, a black and white Collie dog owned by Dave Corbett. Pickles died in 1967 when he choked on his lead while chasing a cat. His collar is on display in the National Football Museum in Manchester.

Mascot – World Cup Willie

England beat West Germany and Spain in the bid process

1970 Mexico

Qualifying tournament

Three teams qualified for the first time – El Salvador, Israel and Morocco

Peru returned to the finals after a 40 year absence

El Salvador qualified for the finals after beating Honduras in a playoff match, which was the catalyst for a conflict in 1969 known as “The Football War”

Group stage

England 1 (Hurst) Romania 0

England 0 Brazil 1 (Jairzinho)

Gordon Banks produced a miraculous save from a header by Pele

England 1 (Clarke (pen.)) Czechoslovakia 0

All of England’s group matches were played in Guadalajara

In the match against Czechoslovakia, Pele audaciously attempted to lob goalkeeper Ivo Viktor from the half-way line, only narrowly missing the goal

Quarter-finals

West Germany 3 (Beckenbauer, Seeler, Muller) England 2 (Mullery, Peters). After extra time. Match played in Leon

Peter Bonetti played in goal for England as Gordon Banks was suffering from food poisoning. Ramsey had substituted Charlton and Peters, possibly to save them from more exertion in the heat, in the belief that the tie was won.

Semi-finals

Brazil 3 Uruguay 1

Pele made his famous “runaround move”, where he fooled the goalkeeper by not touching the ball

Italy 4 West Germany 3

Known as the “Game of the Century”. Five goals were scored in extra time. Winning goal scored by Rivera

Third place playoff

West Germany bt Uruguay

Final

Brazil 4 (Pele, Gerson, Jairzinho, Carlos Alberto) Italy 1 (Boninsegna)

Match played at Aztec Stadium, Mexico City

Winning captain – Carlos Alberto

Winning manager – Mario Zagallo

Golden Boot – Gerd Muller (West Germany). 10 goals

Golden Ball – Pele

Jairzinho scored seven goals, and scored in all six matches

Red and yellow cards used for the first time

Substitutes were allowed for the first time. Anatoli Puzach (Soviet Union) was the first substitute used

England's preparations were hampered by the arrest of Bobby Moore in Bogota for allegedly stealing a bracelet from a jeweller's shop

The third title earned Brazil the right to retain the Jules Rimet Trophy permanently – however, it was stolen in 1983 while on display in Rio de Janeiro and never recovered

Brazilian coach Mario Zagallo was the first footballer to become World Cup champion as a player (1958, 1962) and a coach

1974 West Germany

Qualifying competition

Australia, East Germany, Haiti and Zaire made their first appearances at the final stage, and the Netherlands and Poland their first since 1938

Group 5 consisted of England, Wales and Poland

England won 1-0 in Wales, but could only draw 1-1 at Wembley. A 2-0 defeat in Poland meant that England had to win the final match to qualify

In the match in Poland in 1973, Alan Ball became only the second England player to be sent off in a full international, after grabbing Lesław Ćmikiewicz by the throat and kneeing him in the groin

Final qualifying match – England 1 (Clarke (pen.)) Poland 1 (Domarski). Poland goalkeeper was Jan Tomaszewski, who had been labelled "a clown" by Brian Clough during the match

The second leg of the Intercontinental playoff was scratched and Chile qualified automatically after the Soviet Union refused to play the return leg due to the recent Chilean coup d'état. FIFA ordered that the match should go ahead and Chile scored in the empty Soviet net

Group stage

Scotland 2 (Lorimer, Jordan) Zaire 0

Scotland 0 Brazil 0

Scotland 1 (Jordan) Yugoslavia 1

Scotland were eliminated, but were the only unbeaten team in the tournament

Yugoslavia 9 Zaire 0

There was a comic moment in the Brazil match against Zaire, where Ilunga broke from the wall waiting for a Brazil free kick, and booted the ball downfield

West Germany 0 East Germany 1. Match played in Hamburg

Poland 7 Haiti 0

Fabio Capello scored for Italy against Poland

The”Cruyff Turn” was first executed by Johan Cruyff in the Netherlands' match against Sweden

Second round

Two groups – the winners of each group qualified for the final, and the runners-up played in the third place match. In the final group matches Netherlands beat Brazil 2-0 and West Germany beat Poland 1-0

Third place playoff

Poland 1 Brazil 0

Final

West Germany 2 (Breitner (pen), Muller) Netherlands 1 (Neeskens (pen.))

Referee – Jack Taylor

Netherlands scored before West Germany had touched the ball

Winning captain – Franz Beckenbauer

Winning manager – Helmut Schon

Golden Boot – Grzegorz Lato (Poland). 7 goals

Golden Ball – Johann Cruyff

The tournament marked the first time that the current trophy, the FIFA World Cup Trophy, created by the Italian sculptor Silvio Gazzaniga, was awarded

The style of play used by the Netherlands was known as Total Football. It was invented by Rinus Michels, who was the coach of both Ajax and the Netherlands national team at the time

1978 Argentina

Qualifying competition

Iran and Tunisia qualified for the first time

Austria qualified for the first time since 1958

Uruguay failed to qualify for the first time since 1958

For the first time, more than 100 nations entered the competition

England failed to qualify, losing out to Italy on goal difference

Scotland qualified by beating Wales 2-0 in a match played at Anfield

Group stage

Italy won Group 1, after beating runners-up Argentina 1-0

West Germany finished as runners-up to Poland in Group 2, despite beating Mexico 6-0

Austria won Group 3, ahead of Brazil

Scotland 1 (Jordan) Peru 3 (Cubillas (2), Cueto)

Willie Johnston was sent home after the Peru match after testing positive for a banned stimulant

Scotland 1 Iran 1

Scotland 3 (Gemmill (2), Dalglish) Netherlands 3 (Rensenbrink, Rep)

Rensenbrink's goal against Scotland was the 1000th goal of World Cup history

Gemmill’s second goal to put Scotland 3-1 up is reckoned to be one of the best scored during a Finals tournament

Netherlands qualified by finishing above Scotland on goal difference

Tunisia beat Mexico to become the first African team to win a match at the World Cup finals

Second round

Winners of each group advanced to the final

Netherlands won Group A

Austria beat Germany in a match known as “The Miracle of Cordoba”. It was the first time in 47 years that Austria had defeated Germany. Winning goal scored by Hans Krankl

Argentina needed to win by a margin of four goals to win Group B and proceed to the final and did so by defeating Peru by 6–0. However, claims that the Argentine military dictatorship interfered to ensure Argentina would defeat Peru, were denied by the Peru team

Third place playoff

Brazil 2 Italy 1

Final

Argentina 3 (Kempes (2), Bertoni) Netherlands 1 (Nanninga)

After extra time. Played at Estadio Monumental (River Plate Stadium)

Rob Rensenbrink hit the post in the 90th minute with the score 1-1

Winning captain – Daniel Passarella

Winning manager – Cesar Luis Menotti

Golden Boot – Mario Kempes (Argentina). 6 goals

Golden Ball – Mario Kempes

The official match ball was the Adidas Tango

Penalty shootout was introduced, but was not needed

1982 Spain

Qualifying competition

For the first time, the World Cup finals expanded from 16 to 24 teams

Netherlands were eliminated by Belgium and France

Algeria, Cameroon, Honduras, Kuwait, and New Zealand all participated for the first time

England qualified despite a 2-1 loss to Norway in Oslo, which prompted the famous “Your boys took a hell of a beating” commentary from Bjorg Lillelien

Group stage

England 3 (Robson (2), Mariner) France 1 (Soler). Bryan Robson scored after 27 seconds

England 2 (Francis, Barmos (o.g.)) Czechoslovakia 0

England 1 (Francis) Kuwait 0

Northern Ireland drew with Yugoslavia and Honduras, and beat Spain 1-0 with a Gerry Armstrong goal to top the group. Mal Donaghy was sent off against Spain, becoming the first British player to be sent off in World Cup finals

Norman Whiteside became the youngest player to play in the World Cup, aged 17 years and 41 days

Scotland 5 New Zealand 2

Scotland 1 Brazil 4

Scotland took the lead with an unstoppable shot by David Narey (or “toe-poke” as it was described by Jimmy Hill at the time)

Scotland 2 Soviet Union 2

Scotland eliminated on goal difference (again)

Algeria 2 West Germany 1

In the final group match, a win by one or two goals for West Germany would result in both them and Austria qualifying at the expense of Algeria. The match was known as “The Disgrace of Gijon”. West Germany scored after 10 minutes, then neither team tried to score. As a result of this, FIFA revised the group system for future tournaments, so that the final two games in each group would be played simultaneously

Hungary 10 El Salvador 1. Laszlo Kiss became the first substitute to score a hat-trick

Match between France and Kuwait was delayed after Prince Fahid, the Kuwaiti FA president, marched onto the pitch and demanded that a French goal be disallowed

Second round

The second round of matches consisted of four 3-way round-robin groups. The winners of each one of these groups would progress to the semi-finals

England drew 0-0 with West Germany and 0-0 with Spain at the Bernabau in Madrid. West Germany beat Spain, so England were eliminated

Keegan and Brooking were brought on as substitutes for the final 30 minutes against Spain – their only appearance in the World Cup finals

Northern Ireland drew 2-2 with Austria, and lost 4-1 to France

Northern Ireland were managed by Billy Bingham in 1982 and 1986

Italy beat Argentina, a match renowned for Maradona being aggressively man-marked by Claudio Gentile

Brazil beat Argentina, with Maradona being sent off

Italy beat Brazil 3-2, with Paolo Rossi scoring a hat-trick

Semi-finals

West Germany 3 France 3. West Germany won 5-4 on penalties

First penalty shootout in a World Cup

Patrick Battiston was left unconscious after a controversial collision with German goalkeeper Harald Schumacher

Italy 2 Poland 0

Third place playoff

Poland 3 France 2

Final

Italy 3 (Rossi, Tardelli, Altobelli) West Germany 1 (Brietner)

Antonio Cabrina became the first player to miss a penalty in a World Cup final

Dino Zoff at forty became the oldest player to win the World Cup

Winning captain – Dino Zoff

Winning manager – Enzo Bearzot

Golden Boot – Paolo Rossi (Italy). 6 goals

Golden Ball – Paolo Rossi

1986 Mexico

Colombia was originally chosen as hosts for the 1986 World Cup by FIFA in 1974. However, the Colombian authorities declared in 1982 that they could not afford to host the World Cup under the terms that FIFA demanded. Mexico was selected in 1983 as the replacement hosts, beating the bids of Canada and the United States

Qualifying competition

Canada, Denmark and Iraq qualified for the first time

Iraq played all their home matches on neutral ground because of the Iran–Iraq War

England and Northern Ireland qualified from the same group. England won 1-0 in Belfast with a goal from Mark Hateley, and the match at Wembley finished 0-0

Scotland qualified for the playoff by finishing second in their UEFA group, behind Spain. Scotland secured second place in dramatic circumstances with a 1–1 draw against Wales at Ninian Park, Cardiff. Davie Cooper scored a late equalising goal with a penalty kick to give Scotland the point they needed, but manager Jock Stein collapsed and died of a heart attack. Assistant manager Alex Ferguson took charge of the team for the playoff. Scotland qualified after winning the playoff against Australia

Group stage

England 0 Portugal 1

England 0 Morocco 0

Bryan Robson was injured and missed the rest of the tournament. Ray Wilkins was sent off for throwing the ball at the referee

England 3 Poland 0

Gary Lineker scored a hat-trick. Peter Shilton took over from Robson as captain

Morocco topped the group

Northern Ireland drew with Algeria, but were beaten by Spain and Brazil

Scotland lost to Denmark and West Germany

In the goalless draw between Scotland and Uruguay, José Batista was sent off after less than one minute of play for a foul on Gordon Strachan

Canada lost all three matches and failed to score a goal

Round of 16

The format of the competition changed from 1982, with the second round being played on a knock-out basis rather than groups

England 3 (Lineker (2), Beardsley) Paraguay 0

Defending champions Italy were beaten by France

Belgium 4 Soviet Union 3

Quarter-finals

England 1 (Lineker) Argentina 2 (Maradona (2))

Maradona scored with "Hand of God goal" and "Goal of the Century". Played at Aztec Stadium. Referee was Ali Bin Nasser (Tunisia)

Steve Hodge exchanged shirts with Maradona after the match

France beat Brazil on penalties

West Germany beat Mexico on penalties

Belgium beat Spain on penalties

Semi-finals

Argentina 2 (Maradona (2)) Belgium 0

West Germany 2 France 0

Third place playoff

France 4 Belgium 2

Final

Argentina 3 (Brown, Valdano, Burruchaga) West Germany 2 (Rummenigge, Voller)

Franz Beckenbauer became the first person to have lost a World Cup final as both a player and a manager

Winning captain – Diego Maradona

Winning manager – Carlos Bilardo

Golden Boot – Gary Lineker. 6 goals

Golden Ball – Diego Maradona

FIFA prohibited shirt swapping because they did not want players to ‘bare their chests’ on the field

1990 Italy

Qualifying competition

Chile were banned from the 1990 and 1994 World Cup as keeper Roberto Rojas feigned injury after a flare landed near him during a qualifier against Brazil, cutting himself with a razor blade in an attempt to get the match abandoned

Republic of Ireland, Costa Rica, and the UAE qualified for the first time

Egypt appeared for the first time since 1934

United States competed for the first time since 1950

England finished second to Sweden in their qualifying group, but qualified as one of the best runners-up

Group stage

Group F featured the Netherlands, England, the Republic of Ireland and Egypt. England beat Egypt 1–0, with a goal from Mark Wright. All five other matches were drawn 1-1 or 0-0

England 1 (Lineker) Republic of Ireland 1 (Sheedy)

England’s qualifying matches were all played on Sardinia

Republic of Ireland and the Netherlands finished with identical records. With both teams assured of progressing, they were split by the drawing of lots to determine second and third place

Scotland beat Sweden, but lost to Costa Rica and Brazil

Cameroon beat Argentina and Romania, with Roger Milla scoring twice against Romania

Round of 16

England 1 (Platt) Belgium 0

Platt scored in the 120th minute, a volley on the turn from a Paul Gascoigne free-kick

Republic of Ireland 0 Romania 0. Republic of Ireland won 5-4 on penalties

David O’Leary scored the winning penalty after Packie Bonner saved the fifth Romanian penalty kick. After the match Jack Charlton took the Ireland team to the Vatican to meet the Pope

West Germany 2 Netherlands 1

Rudi Voller and Frank Rijkaard were both sent off after a number of incidents (including Rijkaard spitting on Voller)

Cameroon beat Colombia with Roger Milla scoring after dispossessing Colombian keeper Rene Higuita who had dribbled the ball to the halfway line

Quarter-finals

England beat Cameroon 3-2 after extra time with a goal from Platt and two penalties from Lineker

Republic of Ireland 0 Italy 1 (Schillaci)

Semi-finals

England 1 (Lineker) West Germany 1 (Brehme). West Germany won on penalties. Match played in Turin

Brehme’s shot was deflected by Paul Parker into his own net

Gascoigne was booked, which meant that he would be suspended for the final if England won the match. Television cameras showed that he had tears in his eyes

Lineker, Beardsley and Platt scored penalties. Pearce and Waddle missed penalties

Argentina 1 Italy 1. Argentina won on penalties

Third place playoff

England 1 (Platt) Italy 2 (Baggio, Schillaci)

Final

West Germany 1 (Brehme (pen.)) Argentina 0

Argentina became the first team not to score during a World Cup Final

Pedro Monzon became the first player to be sent off in a World Cup final. Gustavo Dezotti was also sent off

Winning captain – Lothar Matthaus

Winning manager – Franz Beckenbauer

Golden Boot – Salvatore Schillaci (Italy). 6 goals

Golden Ball – Salvatore Schillaci

The tournament generated an average 2.21 goals per game, a record low that still stands, and a then-record 16 red cards. Negative tactics led to the introduction of the back-pass rule in 1992, and three points for a win instead of two at future World Cups

Rangers provided the most members (four) of England’s World Cup squad

Franz Beckenbauer became the second person to have won a World Cup final as both a player and a manager

Walter Zenga (Italy) set a record of five consecutive clean sheets

The closing ceremony was marked as a ‘Century gala’ with a performance by the Three Tenors

1994 USA

Qualifying competition

Greece, Nigeria and Saudi Arabia made their first appearances in the finals

Norway made their first appearance since 1938

England finished third in their qualifying group, behind Norway and Netherlands

Davide Gualtieri scored for San Marino against England after 8 seconds. England won the match 7-1

West Germany were united with East Germany, representing the unified Germany for the first time since the 1938 World Cup

France were knocked out by Bulgaria, who scored a last minute winner in the final qualifying match in Paris following a mistake by David Ginola

Japan and Iraq drew a qualifying match 2–2 in Doha, Qatar. If Japan had won the match, they would have qualified for the World Cup for the first time. Instead, Japan finished third in their group and South Korea qualified instead. The Japanese media refers to the match as "The Agony of Doha"

Group stage

Oleg Salenko of Russia became the first – and remains the only – man ever to score five goals in a single World Cup game as Russia beat Cameroon 6–1. In the same match 42-year-old Roger Milla became the oldest goal scorer and the oldest player in World Cup history

Group E remains the only group in World Cup history in which all four teams finished with the same points. Ray Houghton scored the only goal in Republic of Ireland’s win against Italy. John Aldridge scored in a 2-1 defeat by Mexico, but a 0-0 draw against Norway meant that Ireland finished as runners-up

Saudi Arabia finished as runners-up in Group F after beating Belgium

Round of 16

Netherlands 2 Republic of Ireland 0

Brazil 1 USA 0

Quarter-finals

Brazil 3 Netherlands 2

Semi-finals

Italy 2 Bulgaria 1

Brazil 1 Sweden 0

Third place playoff

Sweden 4 Bulgaria 0

Final

Brazil 0 Italy 0. Brazil won 3-2 on penalties

The first World Cup final to be both scoreless in regular and extra time and to be decided by a penalty shoot-out. Silver Ball winner Roberto Baggio missed the decisive penalty

Played at Rose Bowl, Pasadena

Winning captain – Dunga

Winning manager – Carlos Alberto Parreira

Golden Boot – Oleg Salenko (Russia) and Hristo Stoichkov (Bulgaria). 6 goals

Golden Ball – Romario (Brazil)

The tournament broke the World Cup average attendance record with nearly 69,000 spectators per game, a mark that still stands today. The total attendance of nearly 3.6 million for the final tournament remains the highest in World Cup history

Maradona was expelled from the tournament after he failed a drug test which uncovered ephedrine, a weight loss drug, in his blood

Columbian defender Andrés Escobar scored an own goal in the group stage game against the United States that eliminated Columbia. Escobar was shot to death outside a bar in Medellin 10 days later, apparently in retaliation for the own goal

The official mascot was Striker, the World Cup Pup

In the opening ceremony, Diana Ross was also supposed to kick a ball into the goal from the penalty spot at the beginning of her performance, but she missed

The game between the United States and Switzerland was the first ever to take place indoors, played under the roof at the Pontiac Silverdome in Detroit

Brazil dedicated their victory to Ayrton Senna

Goal collapsed in the match between Mexico and Bulgaria

1998 France

Qualifying competition

Croatia, Jamaica, Japan and South Africa made their first appearances in the finals

England and Italy qualified from the same group. Italy won the match 1-0 at Wembley, with a goal from Zola. The match in Rome finished 0-0

Estonia did not turn up for a home qualifying match with Scotland

Group stage

The group stage were expanded from 24 teams to 32

England 2 (Shearer, Scholes) Tunisia 0

England 1 (Owen) Romania 2 (Moldovan, Petrescu)

Dan Petrescu of Chelsea scored the winning goal in the last minute

England 2 (Anderton, Beckham) Colombia 0

Scotland drew 1-1 with Norway, but lost 2-1 to Brazil and 3-0 to Morocco

Zidane sent off against Saudi Arabia

Theodore Whitmore scored twice for Jamaica in a 2-1 win over Japan

Round of 16

England 2 (Shearer (pen.), Owen) Argentina 2 (Batistuta (pen.), Zanetti). Argentina won 4-3 on penalties. Shearer, Merson, and Owen scored. Ince and Batty missed

Beckham sent off for kicking Simione by referee Kim Nielsen of Denmark. Match played at Stade Geoffroy-Guichard in Saint-Étienne

Laurent Blanc scored the first-ever golden goal in a World Cup, against Paraguay

Quarter-finals

France 0 Italy 0. France won on penalties

Brazil 3 Denmark 2

Netherlands 2 Argentina 1

Dennis Bergkamp scored a wonder goal to win the match in the final minute

Croatia 3 Germany 0

Semi-finals

Brazil 1 (Ronaldo) Netherlands 1 (Kluivert). Brazil won on penalties

France 2 (Thuram (2)) Croatia 1 (Suker)

Third place playoff

Croatia 2 Netherlands 1

Davor Suker scored the winning goal to secure the golden boot

Final

France 3 (Zidane (2), Petit) Brazil 0

The build-up to the final was dominated by the fitness of Ronaldo, amid reports that he had suffered a pre-match fit. Edmundo replaced Ronaldo on the team sheet, only for Ronaldo to be reinstated 45 minutes before kick-off

Winning captain – Didier Deschamps

Winning manager – Aime Jacquet

Golden Boot – Davor Suker (Croatia). 6 goals

Golden Ball – Ronaldo (Brazil)

France only conceded two goals in the competition

Mascot was Footix, a blue cockerel

France beat Morocco in the bidding process

2002 Japan and South Korea

Qualifying competition

China, Ecuador, Senegal and Slovenia made their first appearances at the finals

Turkey made its first appearance since 1954

England lost 1-0 to Germany in the last game played at the old Wembley Stadium. Dietmar Hamann scored the goal

England beat Germany 5-1 in Munich with Michael Owen scoring a hat-trick

England won the group with Beckham scoring a last minute goal in a 2-2 draw with Greece

Republic of Ireland qualified by beating Iran in a playoff

Australia 31 (Archie Thompson (13)) American Samoa 0

Group stage

First match – Senegal 1 (Diop) France 0

France were eliminated from the competition without scoring a goal

South Korea and USA qualified from Group D, eliminating Portugal and Poland

England 1 (Campbell) Sweden 1 (Alexandersson)

England 1 (Beckham (pen.)) Argentina 0. Match played in Sapporo

England 0 Nigeria 0

Sweden topped the group, with England as runners-up

Germany 8 Saudi Arabia 0

Match between Germany and Cameroon had 16 yellow cards

Republic of Ireland beat Saudi Arabia, and drew with Cameroon and Germany

Robbie Keane scored an injury-time equalizer against Germany

“The Saipan incident” was a public quarrel between captain Roy Keane and manager Mick McCarthy when the Ireland team was preparing in Saipan for its matches. It resulted in Keane being sent home from the squad

Round of 16

England 3 (Ferdinand, Owen, Heskey) Denmark 0

Republic of Ireland knocked out by Spain on penalties

Quarter-finals

Brazil 2 (Rivaldo, Ronaldinho) England 1 (Owen). Match played in Shizuoka

Ronaldinho took a free-kick from 40 yards out which curled into the corner of the net, completely surprising David Seaman. Later in the game he was sent off for a foul on Danny Mills

Germany 1 USA 0

South Korea 0 Spain 0. South Korea won on penalties

Turkey 1 Senegal 0. Last golden goal scored in the World Cup

Semi-finals

Germany 1 (Ballack) South Korea 0

Brazil 1 (Ronaldo) Turkey 0

Third place playoff

Turkey 3 South Korea 2

The fastest goal in the World Cup was scored by Turkey’s Hakan Sukur, 11 seconds into the game

Final

Brazil 2 (Ronaldo 2) Germany 0. Match played in Yokohama

Winning captain – Cafu

Winning manager – Luiz Felipe Scolari

Golden Boot – Ronaldo (Brazil). 8 goals

Golden Ball – Oliver Khan

Initially, Japan and South Korea were competitors in the bidding process. But just before the vote, they agreed with FIFA to co-host the event. In 2004 FIFA stated that it will not allow future co-hosting bids, but this was reversed in 2007

Final World Cup during which the golden goal rule was in force

This was the final World Cup in which the defending champions qualified automatically

2006 Germany

Qualifying competition

Angola, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Serbia & Montenegro, Trinidad & Tobago, and Togo made their first appearances in the finals

Czech Republic and Ukraine made their first appearance as independent nations

England were in the same qualifying group as Northern Ireland and Wales, and only lost one match, 1-0 to Northern Ireland with David Healy scoring the goal

Group stage

First game – Germany 4 Costa Rica 2. First goal scored by Philip Lahm

England 1 (Gamassa o.g.) Paraguay 0

England 2 (Crouch, Gerrard) Trinidad and Tobago 0

England 2 (Joe Cole, Gerrard) Sweden 2 (Allback, Larsson)

Allback’s goal was the 2000th in World Cup history

Graham Poll gave Simunic (Croatia) three yellow cards in the match against Australia

Australia won their first ever match in the World Cup, beating Japan, and qualified for the next round

Argentina 6 Serbia & Montenegro 0

Round of 16

England 1 (Beckham) Ecuador 0

Beckham became first English player to score in three World Cups

Russian referee Valentin Ivanov issued a World Cup record four red cards and 16 yellow cards in the match between Portugal and the Netherlands, which was known as “The Battle of Nuremberg”

Ronaldo scored his fifteenth goal in the World Cup, against Ghana

Italy 1 Australia 0

Switzerland failed to convert any of their three penalties in the penalty shoot-out against Ukraine to see them exit the competition with a new record in becoming the first team in a World Cup to fail to convert any penalties in a shootout. Their elimination also meant that they became the first nation to be eliminated from the World Cup without conceding any goals

Quarter-finals

Portugal 0 England 0. Portugal won 3-1 on penalties

Winning penalty scored by Ronaldo. Hargreaves scored. Lampard, Gerrard and Carragher missed

Rooney sent off for stamping on Ricardo Carvalho by Argentinean referee Elizondo. Played in Gelsenkirchen

Germany 1 (Klose) Argentina 1 (Ayala). Germany won on penalties

France 1 (Henry) Brazil 0

Italy 3 Ukraine 0

Semi-finals

Italy 2 Germany 0

France 1 Portugal 0

Third-place playoff

Germany 3 Portugal 1

Final

Italy 1 (Materazzi) France 1 (Zidane pen). Italy won 5-3 on penalties.

Winning penalty scored by Grosso. David Trezeguet missed for France.

Zidane sent off for head-butting Materazzi

Referee – Elizondo (Argentina)

Played at Olympic Stadium, Berlin

Winning captain – Fabio Cannavaro

Winning manager – Marcello Lippi

Golden Boot – Miroslav Klose (Germany). 5 goals

Golden Ball – Zinedine Zidane

Best Young Player – Lukas Podolski

Mascot was Goleo VI, a lion wearing a Germany shirt with the number 06, and a talking football named Pille

Fan Fests held for the first time

Germany beat South Africa, England and Morocco in the bidding process

Players received a record-breaking 345 yellow cards and 28 red cards

2010 South Africa

The first World Cup bidding process under continental rotation (the process of rotating hosting of the World Cup to each confederation in turn) and the first World Cup to be held in Africa. South Africa beat Morocco in the bid process

Qualifying competition

England won nine out of 10 qualifying matches, losing only to Ukraine

Theo Walcott scored a hat-trick against Croatia

Republic of Ireland lost to France in a playoff. After the second leg, Thierry Henry admitted that he had illegally handled the ball in the build-up to William Gallas's match-winning goal

Slovakia made their first appearance as an independent nation

Group stage

First game – South Africa 1 Mexico 1. First goal scored by Tshabalala

South Africa become the first host nation not to qualify from the group stages, despite beating France in their final match

England 1 (Gerrard) USA 1 (Dempsey)

Robert Green gifted USA their goal, and was replaced by David James for the rest of the tournament

England 0 Algeria 0

England 1 (Defoe) Slovenia 0

Gonzalo Higuain scored a hat-trick for Argentina against South Korea. This was the only hat-trick in the World Cup

Switzerland 1 Spain 0

Switzerland set a new record for the longest amount of time without conceding a goal in the World Cup

Serbia 1 Germany 0. Germany’s first defeat in a World Cup group game since 1986

Portugal 7 North Korea 0

New Zealand drew all three matches, including a 1-1 draw with Italy

Round of 16

Germany 4 (Klose, Podolski, Muller (2)) England 1 (Upson). Played in Bloemfontein

With the score 2-1, Lampard had a ‘goal’ disallowed as the Uruguayan officials did not see the ball cross the line

Paraguay and Ghana reached the quarter-finals for the first time

Quarter-finals

Germany 4 Argentina 0

Netherlands 2 Brazil 1

Spain 1 Paraguay 0

Uruguay 1 Ghana 1. Uruguay won on penalties

Semi-finals

Netherlands 3 Uruguay 2. Winning goal scored by Robben

Spain 1 (Puyol) Germany 0

Third place playoff

Germany 3 Uruguay 2

Germany holds the record for most third-place finishes in the World Cup (4), while Uruguay holds the record for most fourth-place finishes (3)

Final

Spain 1 (Iniesta) Netherlands 0

John Heitinga sent off. Nigel De Jong killed Xabi Alonso in the stomach. Howard Webb handed out 14 yellow cards. Played at Soccer City, Johannesburg

Winning captain – Iker Casillas

Winning manager – Vicente del Bosque

Golden Boot – Thomas Muller (Germany). 5 goals

Golden Ball – Diego Forlan (Uruguay)

Golden Glove – Iker Casillas

Best Young Player – Thomas Muller

Spain set a new record for the fewest goals scored by a World Cup-winning team, with eight. They won all four matches in the knockout stages 1-0

The official mascot was Zakumi, an anthropomorphised African leopard with green hair

The match ball, manufactured by Adidas, was named the Jabulani

The long horn blown by fans throughout matches was the vuvuzela

The official song was ‘Waka Waka’ by Shakira

2014 Brazil

Qualifying competition

England finished top of Group H, and were unbeaten in 10 matches. San Marino finished bottom of the group, scoring one goal and conceding 54

Uruguay defeated Jordan in the final qualifying match

Group stage

First game – Brazil 3 Croatia 1. Played in Sao Paulo. Croatia opened the scoring through a Marcelo own goal

Italy 2 (Marchisio, Balotelli) England 1 (Sturridge). Match played in Manaus

Uruguay 2 (Suarez 2) England 1 (Rooney). Match played in Sao Paulo

Costa Rica 0 England 0. Match played in Belo Horizonte

England eliminated after two matches and failed to qualify from group stage of World Cup for first time since 1958. Costa Rica topped the group

Luis Suarez bit the shoulder of Georgio Chiellini (Italy)

Spain were eliminated after losing their first two matches, 5-1 to Netherlands and 2-0 to Chile

Mexico captain Rafael Marquez made history by becoming the first player to captain his nation in four different World Cups

Round of 16

For the first time since the introduction of a round of 16 after the group stage in 1986, all the group winners advanced into the quarter-finals

Mexico lost in last 16 for sixth successive World Cup

Brazil beat Chile on penalties

Tim Howard broke the record for most saves in a World Cup match with 15, for USA against Belgium

James Rodriguez’s goal for Colombia against Uruguay won the FIFA Puskas Award for the best goal of the year

Quarter-finals

With a 1–0 victory over France, Germany set a World Cup record with four consecutive semi-final appearances

Brazil beat Colombia 2–1, but Neymar was injured and missed the rest of the competition

Argentina reached the semi-finals for the first time since 1990 after a 1–0 win over Belgium

Netherlands beat Costa Rica in a penalty shoot-out following a 0–0 draw. Tim Krul was brought on by Louis van Gaal as a 120th-minute substitute for the penalty shootout. He saved two of the five penalties he faced

Semi-finals

Germany qualified for the final for the eighth time with a 7–1 win over Brazil – the biggest defeat in Brazilian history since 1920.

Miroslav Klose's goal was his 16th throughout all World Cups, breaking the record he had previously shared with Ronaldo. Klose set another record by becoming the first player to appear in four World Cup semi-finals. Germany were 5-0 up after 30 minutes. Match played in Belo Horizonte

Argentina beat Netherlands in a penalty shoot-out following a 0–0 draw

Third place playoff

Netherlands 3 Brazil 0

Final

Germany 1 (Gotze) Argentina 0. Played at Maracana Stadium, Rio

Winning captain – Philipp Lahm

Winning manager – Joachim Low

Golden Boot – James Rodriguez (Colombia). 6 goals

Golden Ball – Lionel Messi (Argentina)

Golden Glove – Manuel Neuer

Best Young Player – Paul Pogba (France)

Brazil was elected unopposed after Colombia withdrew their candidacy

Goal-line technology (GoalControl) was used for the first time at World Cup, and was used to award a goal to France against Honduras

Vanishing foam was used for first time

The first mandatory three minute cooling break was used in the match between Netherlands and Mexico as temperatures reached 30oC

Biological passport was introduced

Half brothers Jerome Boateng (Germany) and Kevin-Prince Boateng (Ghana) played against each other

The official mascot was Fuleco, a three-banded armadillo

The match ball, manufactured by Adidas, was named the Brazuka

2018 Russia

FIFA announced in 2007 that it will no longer continue with its continental rotation policy, implemented after the 2006 World Cup host selection. The newest host selection policy is that any country may bid for a World Cup, provided that their continental confederation has not hosted either of the past two World Cups. For the 2018 World Cup bidding process, this meant that bids from Africa and South America were not allowed. For the 2022 World Cup bidding process, this meant that bids from South America and Europe were not allowed

The FIFA Executive Committee convened in Zurich in 2010 to vote to select the hosts of the 2018 and 2022 tournaments. Russia won the right to be the 2018 host in the second round of voting. The Spain/Portugal bid came second, and that from Belgium/Netherlands third. England's bid received just two votes in the first round of voting

Qualifying competition

Iceland and Panama qualified for the first time. Italy and Netherlands failed to qualify

England finished top of Group F, and were unbeaten. Scotland finished third. Leigh Griffiths scored twice against England in a 2-2 draw at Hampden Park

Republic of Ireland reached the play-offs by beating Wales 1-0 in the final qualifying match in Group D, with a goal from James McClean

In the play-offs, Switzerland beat Northern Ireland

Denmark beat Republic of Ireland, with Christian Eriksen scoring a hat-trick in a 5-1 win in Dublin

Group stage

First game – Russia 5 Saudi Arabia 0. First goal scored by Gasinsky

England 2 (Kane 2) Tunisia 1. Match played in Volgograd

England 6 (Kane 3, Stones 2, Lingard) Panama 1. Match played in Nizhny Novgorod

England 0 Belgium 1 (Januzaj). Match played in Kaliningrad

Group H was won by Colombia. Japan and Senegal finished with identical scores and goal differences. The ‘Fair Play’ rule was invoked, and Japan qualified based on receiving fewer yellow cards in their three matches

Germany eliminated in first stage for first time since 1938 after losing to South Korea

Round of 16

England 1 (Kane) Colombia 1. England won 4-3 on penalties. Winning penalty scored by Dier. Henderson missed a penalty. Match played at Otkritie Arena in Moscow

France 4 Argentina 3. Benjamin Pavard’s goal was later voted as goal of the tournament

Spain beat Russia in a penalty shoot-out

Brazil 2 Mexico 0. Mexico lost in last 16 for seventh successive World Cup

Quarter-finals

England 2 (Maguire, Dele Alli) Sweden 0. Match played in Samara

Belgium 2 Brazil 1. Winning goal scored by De Bruyne

France 2 Uruguay 0

Russia 2 Croatia 2. Croatia won penalty shoot-out

Semi-finals

England 1 (Trippier) Croatia 2 (Perisic, Mandzukic). Match played at Luzhniki Stadium, Moscow

France 1 (Umtiti) Belgium 0

Third place playoff

Belgium 2 (Meunier, Hazard) England 0. Match played at Krestovsky Stadium in Saint Petersburg

Final

France 4 (Mandzukic o.g., Griezmann (pen), Pogba, Mbappe) Croatia 2 (Perisic, Mandzukic). Match played at Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow

Winning captain – Hugo Lloris

Winning manager – Didier Deschaps

Golden Boot – Harry Kane (England). 6 goals

Golden Ball – Luca Madric (Croatia)

Golden Glove – Thibaut Courtois (Belgium)

Best Young Player – Kylian Mbappe (France)

Fair play award – Spain

The official mascot was a wolf named Zabivaka

VAR was used for the first time. Diego Costa's first goal for Spain against Portugal became the first World Cup goal based on a VAR decision

Egypt goalkeeper Essam El Hadary, aged 45, became the oldest player to play in World Cup

France and Denmark played the only goalless draw

Referee Fahad Al-Mirdasi of Saudi Arabia was removed over a match-fixing attempt

Robbie Williams performed at the opening ceremony

Didier Deschamps became the third person to win the World Cup as both a player and a manager, after Brazil's Mario Zagallo and Germany's Franz Beckenbauer

2022 Qatar

The hosts were selected in 2010

Qatar won the right to be the 2018 host in the fourth round of voting. The USA bid came second, with South Korea third, Japan fourth, and Australia fifth

Following concerns about the summer heat in Qatar, the tournament was moved to later in the year. It is to be played in a reduced timeframe of around 28 days, with the final being held on 18 December 2022

2026

The bidding process was due to start in 2015, with the appointment of hosts previously scheduled for the FIFA Congress in 2017 in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. In June 2015, it was announced the bidding process has been postponed, amid corruption allegations around the previous tournaments, due to be held in 2018, as well as 2022

Trivia

England managers

1950, 1954, 1958, 1962           Walter Winterbottom

1966, 1970                              Alf Ramsey

1982                                        Ron Greenwood

1986, 1990                              Bobby Robson

1998                                        Glenn Hoddle

2002, 2006                              Sven-Goran Eriksson

2010                                        Fabio Capello

2014                                        Roy Hodgson

2018                                        Gareth Southgate

Billy Wright and Tom Finney appeared in 1950, 1954 and 1958 World Cups

Gary Lineker holds England's record for goals in FIFA World Cup finals, with 10

Scotland managers

1954                                        Andy Beattie

1958                                        Dawson Walker

1974                                        Willie Ormond

1978                                        Ally MacLeod

1982                                        Jock Stein

1986                                        Alex Ferguson

1990                                        Andy Roxburgh

1998                                        Craig Brown

Scotland have appeared in World Cup finals eight times, but have never progressed to the second round

Joe Jordan is the only Scottish player to score in three World Cups, in 1974, 1978 and 1982

Robert Prosinecki is the only player to have scored goals for two countries – Yugoslavia and Croatia

Peter Shilton and Fabien Barthez have both kept 10 clean sheets

Zidane and Rigobert Song (Cameroon) have both been sent off twice in the World Cup

Zidane is the only player to be sent off in non-consecutive world cups

Bora Milutinovic from Serbia is the first person to have coached five different teams at the World Cup: Mexico (1986), Costa Rica (1990), the United States (1994), Nigeria (1998), and China (2002). He is also the first coach to take four different teams beyond the first round, before failing to do so with China

Carlos Alberto Parreira is the second coach that has led five national teams to the World Cup: Kuwait (1982), United Arab Emirates (1990), Brazil (1994 and 2006), Saudi Arabia (1998) and South Africa (2010)

Pele is the only three-time winner of the World Cup

Cafu is the only player to appear in three World Cup finals

Cruyff’s Adidas world cup shirt had two stripes instead of three as his sponsors Puma objected to him wearing the iconic three stripes

The hosts for the 1974, 1978, and 1982 World Cups were chosen in London in 1966 by the FIFA Congress

Some writers contend that Viv Richards also played international football for Antigua, appearing in qualifying matches for the 1974 World Cup, however he does not appear in recorded line-ups for these matches

Brazil is the only country to have appeared in every finals tournament

Oliver Kahn is the only goalkeeper to have won the Golden Ball trophy (in 2002)

The record for most defeats suffered by a nation in World Cups is held by Mexico (27)

The only three players to have scored in four consecutive finals tournaments are Pele, Uwe Seeler, and Klose

Gabriel Batistuta is the only player in football history to score two hat-tricks in different World Cups

Jules Rimet Trophy was designed by Abel Lafleur. It incorporates a statuette of Nike, the Greek Goddess of Victory

Golden Glove Award was known as the Lev Yashin Award

Indonesia is the only country to play a single match in the World Cup, in 1938

Most titles – Brazil (5)

Most appearances in finals – Germany (8)

Most matches played – Brazil (109), Germany (109)

Most appearances – Lothar Matthaus (25)

Most goals scored – Miroslav Klose (16)


England World Cup songs

1970 Back Home
1982 This time (we’ll get it right)
1990 World in Motion by New Order and England. Features a rap by John Barnes
1998 (How Does it Feel to Be) on Top of the World?. Overshadowed by the unofficial anthems Three Lions '98 and Vindaloo
2002 We're On The Ball by Ant & Dec
2006 World at Your Feet by Embrace

Scotland World Cup songs

1974 Easy Easy
1978 Ally's Tartan Army. Novelty record by Scottish comedian Andy Cameron
1982 We Have a Dream
1998 Don't Come Home Too Soon by Del Amitri