Sport and Leisure/Major League Baseball

From Quiz Revision Notes

Teams

American League East

Baltimore Orioles

Stadium – Oriole Park at Camden Yards

World Series wins – 3 (1966, 1970, 1983)

In 1954 the St. Louis Browns moved to Baltimore and adopted the Orioles name in honour of the official state bird of Maryland

Cal Ripken is best known for holding the record for consecutive games played, 2,632, surpassing Lou Gehrig's streak of 2,130 that had stood for 56 years

Eddie Gaedel was a dwarf who played for St. Louis Browns in 1951

Boston Red Sox

Stadium – Fenway Park

World Series wins – 9 (1902, 1912, 1915, 1916, 1918, 2004, 2007, 2013, 2018)

Founded in 1901 as one of the American League's eight charter franchises, Boston Americans changed their name to Boston Red Sox in 1908

Boston Americans defeated the Pittsburgh Pirates in the first World Series in 1903 and won four more championships by 1918. However, they then went into one of the longest championship droughts in baseball history, called by some the "Curse of the Bambino" after its alleged beginning with the Red Sox' sale by owner Harry Frazee of Babe Ruth to the rival New York Yankees two years after their world championship in 1918, an 86-year wait before the team's sixth World Championship in 2004

The Red Sox' home ballpark has been Fenway Park since 1912. The Green Monster is a popular nickname for the 11m high left field wall at Fenway Park

LA Dodgers beat Boston Red Sox in the longest game in World Series history in 2018. The contest stretched to 18 innings, lasting seven hours and 20 minutes. Red Sox won the series 4-1

New York Yankees

Stadium – Yankee Stadium

World Series wins – 27 (1923, 1927, 1928, 1932, 1936, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1941, 1943, 1947, 1949, 1950, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1956, 1958, 1961, 1962, 1977, 1978, 1996, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2009)

The club began play in 1901 as the Baltimore Orioles (not to be confused with the modern Baltimore Orioles). The franchise (which had ceased operations) was moved to New York City, and renamed as the New York Highlanders. The Highlanders were officially renamed as the Yankees in 1913

Since their first championship in 1923, the New York Yankees have won two or more World Series titles in every decade except the 1980s, when they won none

"Murderers’ Row" was the nickname given to the New York Yankees team of the late 1920s, widely considered one of the best teams in history

Lawrence Peter ‘Yogi’ Berra played for the New York Yankees from 1946 to 1963 and won 3 MVP titles. He finished his career with the New York Mets. Yogi Berra is well known for his pithy comments and witticisms, known as Yogiisms

Derek Jeter is the Yankees' all-time career leader in hits, games played, stolen bases, and at bats


Alex Rodriguez, nicknamed "A-Rod”, previously played for the Seattle Mariners and the Texas Rangers. Rodriguez has amassed a .297 batting average, 687 home runs, over 2000 runs batted in, and over 3,000 hits. He has won ten Silver Slugger Awards and two Gold Glove Awards

Yankee Stadium is located in The Bronx. It opened in 2009, replacing the original Yankee Stadium

Tampa Bay Rays

Stadium – Tropicana Field (St. Petersburg)

World Series wins – 0

Tampa Bay Devil Rays began play in the 1998 Major League Baseball season. Following the 2007 season, the name was changed to Tampa Bay Rays. The 2008 season saw the Tampa Bay Rays post their first winning season, their first AL East championship, though they lost to the Philadelphia Phillies in that year's World Series

The Rays also have an intrastate rivalry with the National League's Miami Marlins, whom they play in the Citrus Series

Toronto Blue Jays

Stadium – Rogers Center

World Series wins – 2 (1992, 1993)

An expansion franchise, the club was founded in Toronto in 1977. They are the second MLB franchise to be based outside the United States, and currently the only team based outside the US after the first Canadian franchise, the Montreal Expos, relocated to Washington, D.C

World Series champions in 1992 and 1993

In 2011, Roberto Alomar became the first Hall of Fame member to be inducted as a Toronto Blue Jays player

The Blue Jays name originates from the bird of the same name

American League Central

Chicago White Sox

Stadium – Guaranteed Rate Field

World Series wins – 3 (1906, 1917, 2005)

Established in 1900. Played at Comiskey Park from 1910 to 1990

The White Sox won the 1906 World Series with a defense-oriented team dubbed "the Hitless Wonders"

The Black Sox Scandal refers to a number of events that took place around and during the play of the 1919 World Series. The name Black Sox also refers to the Chicago White Sox team from that year. Eight members of the Chicago franchise, including "Shoeless Joe” Jackson, were banned from baseball for throwing games

Cleveland Guardians

Stadium – Progressive Field

World Series wins – 2 (1920, 1948)

Since their establishment as a Major League franchise in 1901, the Indians have won two World Series championships, in 1920 and 1948

Chief Wahoo was a logo of the Cleveland Indians. The logo was a controversial cartoon caricature of a Native American face. The team ceased using the name Indians following the 2021 season, officially becoming the Cleveland Guardians in November 2021

Detroit Tigers

Stadium – Comerica Park

World Series wins – 4 (1935, 1945, 1968, 1984)

Founded in 1894, Detroit Tigers are the oldest continuous one-name, one-city franchise in the American League

Their last World Series win came in 1984

Kansas City Royals

Stadium – Kauffman Stadium

World Series wins – 2 (1985, 2015)

The Royals have participated in four World Series, winning in 1985 and 2015, and losing in 1980 and 2014

The name Royals originates from the American Royal, a livestock show, horse show, rodeo, and championship barbeque competition held annually in Kansas City since 1899

Kauffman Stadium is currently the only ballpark in the American League to be named after a person, Ewing Kauffman

Minnesota Twins

Stadium – Target Field

World Series wins – 3 (1924, 1987, 1991)

The team was founded in Washington, D.C. in 1901 as one of the eight original teams of the American League, named the Washington Senators or Washington Nationals. They moved to Minnesota after the 1960 season

The team is named after the Twin Cities area comprising Minneapolis and St. Paul. They played in Metropolitan Stadium from 1961 to 1981 and the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome from 1982 to 2009. They played their inaugural game at the newly completed Target Field in 2010

American League West

Houston Astros

Stadium – Minute Maid Park

World Series wins – 1 (2017)

The Astros were established as the Houston Colt .45s and entered the National League in 1962. The current name was adopted three years later, when they moved into the Astrodome, the world's first domed sports stadium

Following the move of the Houston Astros to the American League in 2013, both leagues now consist of 15 teams

The Astros won the World Series for the first time in 2017. MVP George Springer became the first man to hit home runs in four successive World Series games

Los Angeles Angels

Stadium – Angel Stadium of Anaheim

World Series wins – 1 (2002)

The current Major League franchise was established as an expansion team in 1961 by Gene Autry, the team's first owner, who bought the rights to the Angels name from Walter O'Malley, the former Los Angeles Dodgers owner

Known as Los Angeles Angels from 1961 to 1965, California Angels from 1966 to 1996, and Anaheim Angels from 1977 to 2004

Angels won the 2002 World Series (as Anaheim Angels) against the San Francisco Giants

No. 26 was retired for Gene Autry to indicate he was the team's "26th Man"

Oakland Athletics

Stadium – O.co Coliseum

World Series wins – 9 (1910, 1911, 1913, 1929, 1930, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1989)

The club was founded in Philadelphia in 1901 as the Philadelphia Athletics. They won three World Series championships from 1910 to 1913 and two in a row in 1929 and 1930. The team's owner and manager for its first 50 years was Connie Mack. The team left Philadelphia for Kansas City in 1955 and became the Kansas City Athletics before moving to Oakland in 1968. They won three World Championships in a row from 1972 to 1974

O.co Coliseum, commonly known as Oakland Coliseum, is home to both the Oakland Athletics and the Oakland Raiders of the NFL. It opened in 1966 and is the only remaining stadium in the United States that is shared by professional football and baseball teams. Named after online retailer Overstock.com

The team won 20 straight games in 2002, but lost in postseason to Minnesota Twins

Moneyball is a 2011 film about the Oakland Athletics 2002 season and the attempts of their general manager Billy Beane (played by Brad Pitt) to assemble a competitive team

Reggie Jackson was nicknamed "Mr. October" for his clutch hitting in the postseason with the Athletics and the Yankees. He helped Oakland win three consecutive American League pennants and two consecutive World Series titles

Seattle Mariners

Stadium – T-Mobile Park

World Series wins – 0

The "Mariners" name originates from the prominence of marine culture in the city of Seattle. They are nicknamed "the M's"

The Mariners are the only MLB team to never have played in a World Series. They are owned by Nintendo of America

Texas Rangers

Stadium – Globe Life Park in Arlington

World Series wins – 0

The franchise was established in 1961 as the Washington Senators, an expansion team awarded to Washington, D.C. After the 1971 season, the new Senators moved to Arlington and debuted as the Rangers the following season

George W Bush owned Texas Rangers from 1989 to 1998

The club lost in both the 2010 and 2011 World Series championships

National League East

Atlanta Braves

Stadium – Truist Park

World Series wins – 4 (1914, 1947, 1995, 2021)

The club is one of the National League's two remaining charter franchises (the other being the Chicago Cubs) and was founded in Boston in 1871 as the Boston Red Stockings. After various name changes, the team eventually began operating as the Boston Braves, which lasted for most of the first half of the 20th century. Then, in 1953, the team moved to Milwaukee and became the Milwaukee Braves, followed by the final move to Atlanta in 1966

Turner Field was originally built as Centennial Olympic Stadium in 1996. Named after Ted Turner, the founder of CNN. Address is 755 Hank Aaron Drive

Miami Marlins

Stadium – Marlins Park

World Series wins – 2 (1997, 2003)

The team began play in the 1993 season as the Florida Marlins. They played home games from their inaugural season to the 2011 season at Sun Life Stadium, which they shared with the Miami Dolphins of the NFL. Since the 2012 season, they have played at Marlins Park in downtown Miami

The Marlins have the distinction of winning a World Series championship in both seasons they qualified for the postseason, doing so in 1997 and 2003 – both times as the National League wild card team

New York Mets

Stadium – Citi Field

World Series wins – 2 (1969, 1986)

The Mets were founded in 1962 to replace New York's departed National League teams; the Brooklyn Dodgers and the New York Giants

The "Miracle Mets" beat the Baltimore Orioles in the 1969 World Series in what is considered one of the biggest upsets in World Series history. Their second World Series win came in 1986 over the Boston Red Sox

Citi Field is located in Flushing Meadows–Corona Park in the borough of Queens. Citi Field was built as a replacement for the formerly adjacent Shea Stadium, which opened in 1964 and was demolished in 2009. It is named after Citigroup

Philadelphia Phillies

Stadium – Citizens Bank Park

World Series wins – 2 (1980, 2008)

Established in 1883. The Phillies have won two World Series championships, against the Kansas City Royals in 1980 and the Tampa Bay Rays in 2008

In 2004, the Phillies moved from the Veterans Stadium to their new home, Citizens Bank Park

Washington Nationals

Stadium – Nationals Park

World Series wins – 1 (2019)

The Nationals' name derives from the former Washington baseball team that had the same name (used interchangeably with Senators)

An expansion franchise, the club was founded in 1969 as the Montreal Expos, the first major league team in Canada. After being purchased by MLB in 2002, the team was moved before the 2005 season to Washington, D.C. and renamed the Nationals

The Nationals won their first World Series in 2019, beating the Houston Astros. All seven games were won by the away team

National League Central

Chicago Cubs

Stadium – Wrigley Field

World Series wins – 2 (1907, 1908)

The team played its first games in 1876 as a founding member of the National League, eventually becoming known officially as the Chicago Cubs for the 1903 season

The Cubs won back-to-back World Series championships in 1907 and 1908

The Curse of the Billy Goat is an urban legend concerning various regular-season and postseason woes of the Chicago Cubs. It supposedly explains the Cubs not winning the World Series since 1908 and not even reaching the final series since 1945

The Cubs have played at Wrigley Field since 1916

Cincinnati Reds

Stadium – Great American Ball Park

World Series wins – 5 (1919, 1940, 1975, 1976, 1990)

The "Big Red Machine" is the nickname given to the Cincinnati Reds team which dominated the National League from 1970 to 1976. The team is widely recognized as being among the best teams in baseball history. The team won five Division titles, four National League pennants, and two World Series titles

The team plays its home games at Great American Ball Park, which opened in 2003 replacing Riverfront Stadium

Pete Rose, a switch hitter, is the all-time Major League leader in hits, games played, at-bats and outs. Nicknamed "Charlie Hustle"

Milwaukee Brewers

Stadium – Miller Park

World Series wins – 0

The team was founded in 1969 as the Seattle Pilots, an expansion team of the American League. After only one season, the team relocated to Milwaukee, becoming known as the Brewers

The team's only World Series appearance came in 1982, when they lost to the St. Louis Cardinals

Since 2001, the Brewers have played their home games at Miller Park

Pittsburgh Pirates

Stadium – PNC Park

World Series wins – 5 (1909, 1925, 1960, 1971, 1979)

Established in 1887 as the Pittsburgh Alleghenys. Played in the very first World Series in 1903 and won their first World Series in 1909. The Pirates last win in the World Series was in 1979

Bill Mazeroski is best known for winning the 1960 World Series for Pittsburgh Pirates with a game-ending home run. The only other time that a World Series ended with a home run was Toronto's Joe Carter in 1993. Mazeroski's however, remains the only home run to win a World Series Game 7

St. Louis Cardinals

Stadium – Busch Stadium

World Series wins – 11 (1926, 1931, 1934, 1942, 1944, 1946, 1964, 1967, 1982, 2006, 2011)

Entrepreneur Chris von der Ahe purchased a club in 1881 then known as the Brown Stockings and established them as charter members of the American Association (AA) the following season. Upon the discontinuation of the AA, St. Louis joined the NL in 1892; at that time, they were called the Browns and the Perfectos before they were officially renamed as the Cardinals in 1900

One of the most successful franchises in baseball history, the Cardinals have won 11 World Series championships (second only to the New York Yankees' 27)

The Gashouse Gang was a nickname applied to the St. Louis Cardinals team of 1934. The team won 95 games, the National League pennant, and the 1934 World Series

Stan Musial spent 22 seasons playing for the St. Louis Cardinals, between 1941 and 1963. Musial is widely considered to be one of the greatest and most consistent hitters in baseball history

In 1998, Mark McGwire set the major league single-season home run record with 70

The name ‘cardinals’ comes from the red trim on the team jersey

National League West

Arizona Diamondbacks

Stadium – Chase Field (Phoenix)

World Series wins – 1 (2001)

Since the team's inception in 1998, the franchise has played home games at Chase Field, formerly known as Bank One Ballpark. The Diamondbacks have won one World Series championship (in 2001), becoming the fastest expansion team in the Major Leagues to win a championship

The team takes their name from a species of rattlesnake

Colorado Rockies

Stadium – Coors Field (Denver)

World Series wins – 0

Established in 1993. Played the first two seasons at the Mile High Stadium

They reached the 2007 World Series, but were swept by Boston Red Sox in four games

Coors Field is named for the Coors Brewing Company of Golden, Colorado

Los Angeles Dodgers

Stadium – Dodger Stadium

World Series wins – 7 (1955, 1959, 1963, 1965, 1981, 1988, 2020)

Established in 1883 in Brooklyn, New York, the team moved to Los Angeles before the 1958 season. They played for four seasons at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum before moving to their current home of Dodger Stadium, which is the largest MLB stadium by seat capacity

The term "Trolley Dodgers" was attached to the Brooklyn ballclub due to the complex maze of trolley cars that weaved its way through the borough of Brooklyn

The Dodgers have won six World Series titles and 21 National League pennants. Eight Cy Young Award winners have pitched for the Dodgers

The team’s last win in the World Series was in 1998, against Oakland Athletics

The Dodgers drew at least 3 million fans for 15 consecutive seasons from 1996 to 2010

Sandy Koufax was a pitcher for Brooklyn / LA Dodgers. He was born in Brooklyn to a Jewish family. First man to win Cy Young Award three times

Pee Wee Reese contributed to seven National League championships for the Dodgers. Reese is also famous for his support of his teammate Jackie Robinson

San Diego Padres

Stadium – Petco Park

World Series wins – 0

Founded in 1969, the Padres have won the NL pennant twice: in 1984 and 1998, losing in the World Series both times

The team's name, Spanish for "fathers", refers to the Spanish Franciscan friars who founded San Diego in 1769

The Padres moved from Qualcomm Stadium to Petco Park in 2004. Petco Park is named after a pet supplies retailer

San Francisco Giants

Stadium – AT&T Park

World Series wins – 8 (1905, 1921, 1922, 1933, 1954, 2010, 2012, 2014)

Founded as the New York Gothams in 1883. Changed their name to New York Giants in 1886. Moved to California after the 1957 season

Playing as the New York Giants, they won five World Series championships

The Giants played at Candlestick Park from 1960 to 1999

The address of AT&T Park is 24 Willie Mays Plaza

Bobby Thomson’s season-ending three-run walk-off home run for the New York Giants against the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1951, known as the "Shot Heard Round the World" is one of the most famous moments in baseball history. Thomson was born in Glasgow

The Giants faced the Oakland Athletics in the "Bay Bridge Series", best remembered by the 17 October 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake which struck just before the scheduled Game 3 at Candlestick Park

Barry Bonds holds many MLB hitting records, including most career home runs (762), most home runs in a single season (73, set in 2001) and most career walks. Bonds led a controversial career, notably as a central figure in baseball's steroids scandal. He has not been elected into the National Baseball Hall of Fame

MLB statistics (at end of 2020 season)

Most home runs:

Barry Bonds 762
Hank Aaron 755
Babe Ruth 714
Alex Rodriguez 687
Albert Pujols 662

Most strikeouts:

Nolan Ryan 5714
Randy Johnson 4875
Roger Clemens 4672

Most World Series wins:

New York Yankees 27
St Louis Cardinals 11
Boston Red Sox 9
Oakland Athletics 9

Seattle Mariners are the only team to have never played in the World Series

Awards

Most Valuable Player

The Most Valuable Player Award (commonly known as the MVP award) is an annual award given to one outstanding player in each league of Major League Baseball. Since 1931, it has been awarded by the Baseball Writers Association of America

Barry Bonds has won the most often (seven times) and the most consecutively (2001–04)

World Series MVP

The World Series MVP Award is given to the player who most contributes to his team's success in the World Series. The award was first presented in 1955 as the SPORT Magazine Award, but is now decided during the final game of the Series by a committee of reporters and officials present at the game

Don Larsen won the MVP award in 1956. He is the only pitcher to pitch a perfect game in World Series history, for the New York Yankees

Bobby Richardson of the 1960 New York Yankees is the only player in World Series history to be named MVP despite being on the losing team

Three players have won the award twice: Sandy Koufax, Bob Gibson, and Reggie Jackson

Cy Young

The Cy Young Award is given annually to the best pitchers in Major League Baseball. The award was first introduced in 1956 by in honour of Hall of Fame pitcher Cy Young, who died in 1955. The award was originally given to the single best pitcher in the major leagues, but in 1967 the award was given to one pitcher in each league

During his 22-season baseball career (1890–1911), Cy Young pitched for five different teams. Young established numerous pitching records, some of which have stood for a century. He compiled 511 wins

Roger Clemens won seven Cy Young Awards, more than any other pitcher. He played for four different teams over his 23-year playing career. Nicknamed "The Rocket"

David "Randy" Johnson, nicknamed "The Big Unit", pitched for six different teams. Johnson won the Cy Young Award five times, including four consecutive years with the Arizona Diamondbacks

Greg Maddux also won the Cy Young Award in four consecutive years

Gold Glove

The Rawlings Gold Glove Award, usually referred to simply as the Gold Glove, is the award annually given to the major league player judged to be the most superior individual fielding performance at each position (in each league), as voted by the managers and coaches in each league. Managers are not allowed to vote for their own players. Eighteen Gold Gloves are awarded each year, one at each of nine positions to a player in both the National League and American League. First awarded in 1957

The most Gold Gloves ever won by one player is 18 by pitcher Greg Maddux. He won 13 consecutive awards from 1990 to 2002 with the Chicago Cubs and the Atlanta Braves

Hank Aaron

The Hank Aaron Award is given annually to the Major League Baseball players selected as the top hitter in each league, as voted on by baseball fans and members of the media. It was introduced in 1999 to commemorate the 25th anniversary of Hank Aaron's surpassing of Babe Ruth's career home run mark of 714 home runs

Alex Rodriguez has won the award four times, the most of any player

Silver Slugger

The Silver Slugger Award is awarded annually to the best offensive player at each position in both the American League and the National League, as determined by Major League Baseball's coaches and managers

Barry Bonds won twelve Silver Slugger Awards in his career as an outfielder, the most of any player

Ten leading players

Hank Aaron

Hank Aaron played 21 seasons for the Milwaukee/Atlanta Braves and two seasons for the Milwaukee Brewers, from 1954 through 1976. Aaron held the MLB record for career home runs for 33 years, and he still holds several MLB offensive records. Aaron is in second place in home runs (755). He hit 24 or more home runs every year from 1955 through 1973, and is one of only two players to hit 30 or more home runs in a season at least fifteen times. He was a Gold Glove winner for three seasons. In 1957, he was the NL Most Valuable Player when the Milwaukee Braves won the World Series. Nicknamed "Hammer"

Ty Cobb

Ty Cobb spent 22 seasons with the Detroit Tigers, the last six as the team's player-manager, and finished his career with the Philadelphia Athletics. In 1936 Cobb received the most votes of any player on the inaugural Baseball Hall of Fame ballot. Cobb is widely credited with setting 90 Major League Baseball records during his career, and still holds several records. Cobb was notorious for sliding into bases feet first, with his spikes high. Nicknamed "The Georgia Peach"

Joe DiMaggio

Joe DiMaggio played his entire MLB career (1936–51) for the New York Yankees, winning three MVP awards. He is best known for his 56-game hitting streak in1941, a record that still stands. DiMaggio married Marilyn Monroe in 1954. When he died in 1999, his last words were "I'll finally get to see Marilyn". Nicknamed "Joltin' Joe" and "The Yankee Clipper"

Lou Gehrig

Lou Gehrig played for the New York Yankees from 1923 to 1939. He was a member of six World Series champion teams. In 1932, Gehrig became the first player of the 20th century to hit four home runs in a game. Lou Gehrig held the record for most career grand slams (23) until Alex Rodriguez broke it in 2013. In 1939 he was diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a disorder now commonly referred to as Lou Gehrig's disease. Nicknamed "The Iron Horse"

Ken Griffey Jr.

Ken Griffey Jr. played from 1989 to 2010. He spent most of his career with the Seattle Mariners and Cincinnati Reds, along with a short stint with the Chicago White Sox. Griffey was one of the most prolific home run hitters in baseball history; his 630 home runs rank as the sixth-most in MLB history. Griffey was also an exceptional defender and won 10 Gold Glove Awards in center field. Nicknamed "Junior" and "The Kid"

Mickey Mantle

Micky Mantle played his entire 18-year major-league professional career (1951–68) for the New York Yankees, winning three American League MVP titles. Mantle played on 12 pennant winners and 7 World Championship clubs. He still holds the record for most World Series home runs (18). Mantle won the Triple Crown in 1956, leading the major leagues in batting average, home runs, and runs batted in. He is regarded by many as the greatest switch hitter in baseball history. Nicknamed "The Commerce Comet" or "The Mick"

Willie Mays

Willie Mays spent almost his entire 22 season career playing for the New York and San Francisco Giants, before finishing with the New York Mets. He shares the record of most All-Star Games played (24) with Hank Aaron and Stan Musial. Mays ended his career with 660 home runs, third at the time of his retirement, and currently fifth all-time. He also won 12 Gold Glove awards. In Game 1 of the 1954 World Series against the Cleveland Indians, Willie Mays made "The Catch", a dramatic over-the-shoulder catch of a fly ball. Nicknamed "The Say Hey Kid"

Albert Pujols

Albert Pujols was born in the Dominican Republic and moved to the United States in 1996. He played for the St. Louis Cardinals from 2001 to 2011 before moving to the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim. He is a six-time Silver Slugger who has twice led the NL in home runs. Pujols is the only player in major league history to bat at least .300 with 30 or more home runs and 100 or more runs batted in his first 10 seasons

Jackie Robinson

Jackie Robinson became the first African-American Major League Baseball player of the modern era, in 1947. The Baseball Hall of Fame inducted Robinson in 1962 and he was a member of six World Series teams. Played for the Brooklyn Dodgers from 1947 to 1956. In 1997, MLB "universally" retired his uniform number, 42, across all major league teams; he was the first pro athlete in any sport to be so honoured. MLB also adopted a new annual tradition, "Jackie Robinson Day", for the first time in 2004, on which every player on every team wears No. 42

Babe Ruth

George Herman "Babe" Ruth played for Boston Red Sox from 1914 to 1919 and for New York Yankees from 1920 to 1934. He finished his career with Boston Braves in 1935. Ruth established many MLB batting (and some pitching) records, including career home runs (714). Ruth won four World Series championships with the Yankees. Babe Ruth's number 3 was retired by the New York Yankees in 1948. Nicknamed "The Bambino" and "The Sultan of Swat"